0
Research Papers: Micro-Nano Tribology

Nanoscratch Resistance and Nanotribological Performance of Ti/MoS2 Coating on Al-Si Alloy Deposited by Pulse Laser Deposition Technique

[+] Author and Article Information
Summera Banday

Tribology Laboratory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
NIT,
Hazratbal,
Srinagar 190006, Jammu and Kashmir, India

M. F. Wani

Tribology Laboratory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
NIT,
Hazratbal,
Srinagar 190006, Jammu and Kashmir, India
e-mail: mfwani@nitsri.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received May 26, 2018; final manuscript received August 29, 2018; published online October 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Yi Zhu.

J. Tribol 141(2), 022003 (Oct 24, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1207; doi: 10.1115/1.4041366 History: Received May 26, 2018; Revised August 29, 2018

Ti/MoS2 coating was deposited by pulse laser deposition technology on Al-Si substrate. The microstructure, elemental analysis, nanotribological behavior of coating was investigated. The coating was composed of Ti, Mo, S, and O with typical diffraction peak around 2θ range from 30 deg to 70 deg. Nanoscratch with ramp loading was performed at low loads. The scratch test with ramp normal loading was analyzed for failure of coating in three ranges, viz., range A, range B, and range C. Scratch test result shows that the peeling of coating occurred at the normal load of 1327.75 μN and the lateral load of 75.96 μN. Nanowear with 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 number of cycles was performed at low load 100 μN. Nanowear results shows that wear rate decreases with increase in wear cycles, which attributed the self-lubricating property of Ti/MoS2 coating. Also, Ti/MoS2 coating display smooth wear path with no debris and cracks, which attributed plastic flow of coating around impression. Thus, mode of wear mechanism is mainly ductile and abrasive.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Rapoport, L. , Bilik, Y. , Feldman, Y. , Homyonfer, M. , Cohen, S. R. , and Tenne, R. , 1997, “ Hollow Nanoparticles of WS2 as Potential Solid-State Lubricants,” Nature, 387(6635), p. 791. [CrossRef]
Chhowalla, M. , and Amaratunga, G. A. , 2000, “ Thin Films of Fullerene-Like MoS2 Nanoparticles With Ultra-Low Friction and Wear,” Nature, 407(6801), p. 164. [CrossRef]
Chen, W. X. , Tu, J. P. , Xu, Z. D. , Tenne, R. , Rosenstveig, R. , Chen, W. L. , and Gan, H. Y. , 2002, “ Wear and Friction of Ni‐P Electroless Composite Coating Including Inorganic Fullerene‐WS2 Nanoparticles,” Adv. Eng. Mater., 4(9), pp. 686–690. [CrossRef]
Donnet, C. , and Erdemir, A. , 2004, “ Solid Lubricant Coatings: Recent Developments and Future Trends,” Tribol. Lett., 17(3), pp. 389–397. [CrossRef]
Fleischauer, P. D. , and Lince, J. R. , 1999, “ A Comparison of Oxidation and Oxygen Substitution in MoS2 Solid Film Lubricants,” Tribol. Int., 32(11), pp. 627–636. [CrossRef]
Renevier, N. M. , Hamphire, J. , Fox, V. C. , Witts, J. , Allen, T. , and Teer, D. G. , 2001, “ Advantages of Using Self-Lubricating, Hard, Wear-Resistant MoS2-Based Coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 142, pp. 67–77. [CrossRef]
Ding, X. Z. , Zeng, X. T. , He, X. Y. , and Chen, Z. , 2010, “ Tribological Properties of Cr-and Ti-Doped MoS2 Composite Coatings Under Different Humidity Atmosphere,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 205(1), pp. 224–231. [CrossRef]
Fox, V. C. , Renevier, N. M. , Teer, D. G. , Hampshire, J. , and Rigato, V. , 1998, “ MoS2/metal Composite Coatings Deposited by Closed-Field Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering: Tribological Properties and Industrial Uses,” PSE Conference in Garmisch Partenkirchen, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, Sept. 17–21, pp. 118–122.
Lince, J. R. , Hilton, M. R. , and Bommannavar, A. S. , 1995, “ Metal Incorporation in Sputter-Deposited MoS2 Films Studied by Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure,” J. Mater. Res., 10(8), pp. 2091–2105. [CrossRef]
Jayaram, G. , Marks, L. D. , and Hilton, M. R. , 1995, “ Nanostructure of Au-20% Pd Layers in MoS2 Multilayer Solid Lubricant Films,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 76, pp. 393–399. [CrossRef]
Simmonds, M. C. , Savan, A. , Van Swygenhoven, H. , Pflüger, E. , and Mikhailov, S. , 1998, “ Structural, Morphological, Chemical and Tribological Investigations of Sputter Deposited MoSx/Metal Multilayer Coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 108, pp. 340–344. [CrossRef]
Hilton, M. R. , Jayaram, G. , and Marks, L. D. , 1998, “ Microstructure of Cosputter-Deposited Metal-and Oxide-MoS2 Solid Lubricant Thin Films,” J. Mater. Res., 13(4), pp. 1022–1032. [CrossRef]
Weise, G. , Teresiak, A. , Bächer, I. , Markschläger, P. , and Kampschulte, G. , 1995, “ Influence of Magnetron Sputtering Process Parameters on Wear Properties of Steel/Cr3Si or Cr/MoSx,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 76, pp. 382–392. [CrossRef]
Zhai, G. J. , Liu, J. J. , Zhu, B. L. , Zhang, X. S. , and Yang, S. R. , 1996, “ The Role of Cerium in the Resistance of an MoS2-Containing Composite Brush Plating Layer to Humid Atmosphere,” Tribol. Trans., 39(3), pp. 715–719. [CrossRef]
Gilmore, R. , Baker, M. A. , Gibson, P. N. , and Gissler, W. , 1998, “ Preparation and Characterisation of Low-Friction TiB2-Based Coatings by Incorporation of C or MoS2,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 105(1–2), pp. 45–50. [CrossRef]
Efeoglu, I. , Baran, Ö. , Yetim, F. , and Altıntaş, S. , 2008, “ Tribological Characteristics of MoS2–Nb Solid Lubricant Film in Different Tribo-Test Conditions,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 203(5–7), pp. 766–770. [CrossRef]
Paredes, R. S. C. , Amico, S. C. , and d'Oliveira, A. S. C. M. , 2006, “ The Effect of Roughness and Pre-Heating of the Substrate on the Morphology of Aluminium Coatings Deposited by Thermal Spraying,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 200(9), pp. 3049–3055. [CrossRef]
Uglov, V. V. , Laskovnev, A. P. , Cherenda, N. N. , and Khodasevich, V. V. , 1996, “ Electrochemical and Surface Analytical Characterization of Radiation Effects After N2 Implantation Into Al and Al2O3,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 83(13), p. 296. [CrossRef]
Rodrıguez, R. J. , Sanz, A. , Medrano, A. , and Garcia-Lorente, J. A. , 1999, “ Tribological Properties of Ion Implanted Aluminum Alloys,” Vacuum, 52(1–2), pp. 187–192. [CrossRef]
Ramesh, R. , Aggarwal, S. , and Auciello, O. , 2001, “ Science and Technology of Ferroelectric Films and Heterostructures for Non-Volatile Ferroelectric Memories,” Mater. Sci. Eng.: R, 32(6), pp. 191–236. [CrossRef]
Xu, Y. , 2013, Ferroelectric Materials and Their Applications, Elsevier Science Publication B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Hiskes, R. , DiCarolis, S. A. , Jacowitz, R. D. , Lu, Z. , Feigelson, R. S. , Route, R. K. , and Young, J. L. , 1993, “ Single Source MOCVD of Epitaxial Oxide Thin Films,” J. Cryst. Growth, 128(1–4), pp. 781–787. [CrossRef]
Jeffrey, T. , 1994, “ Cheung,” Pulsed Laser Deposition of Thin Films, D. B. Chrisey , and G. K. , Hubler , eds., Wiley, New York, p. 1.
Nelea, V. , Morosanu, C. , Iliescu, M. , and Mihailescu, I. N. , 2003, “ Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Hydroxyapatite Thin Films Grown by RF Magnetron Sputtering,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 173(2–3), pp. 315–322. [CrossRef]
Zeng, H. , and Lacefield, W. R. , 2000, “ XPS, EDX and FTIR Analysis of Pulsed Laser Deposited Calcium Phosphate Bioceramic Coatings: The Effects of Various Process Parameters,” Biomaterials, 21(1), pp. 23–30. [CrossRef]
Ferro, D. , Barinov, S. M. , Rau, J. V. , Teghil, R. , and Latini, A. , 2005, “ Calcium Phosphate and Fluorinated Calcium Phosphate Coatings on Titanium Deposited by Nd:YAG Laser at a High Fluence,” Biomaterials, 26(7), pp. 805–812. [CrossRef]
Barvat, A. , Prakash, N. , Singh, D. K. , Dogra, A. , Khanna, S. P. , Singh, S. , and Pal, P. , 2018, “ Mixed Phase Compositions of MoS2 Ultra Thin Film Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Mater. Tod.: Proc., 5(1), pp. 2241–2245. [CrossRef]
Wang, R. , Sun, P. , Wang, H. , and Wang, X. , 2017, “ Pulsed Laser Deposition of Amorphous Molybdenum Disulfide Films for Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Reaction,” Electrochim. Acta, 258, pp. 876–882. [CrossRef]
Siegel, G. , Venkata Subbaiah, Y. P. , Prestgard, M. C. , and Tiwari, A. , 2015, “ Growth of Centimeter-Scale Atomically Thin MoS2 Films by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” APL Mater., 3(5), p. 056103. [CrossRef]
Chromik, Š. , Sojkova, M. , Vretenar, V. , Rosova, A. , Dobročka, E. , and Hulman, M. , 2017, “ Influence of GaN/AlGaN/GaN (0001) and Si (100) Substrates on Structural Properties of Extremely Thin MoS2 Films Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 395, pp. 232–236. [CrossRef]
Aravind, A. , Jayaraj, M. K. , Kumar, M. , and Chandra, R. , 2013, “ The Dependence of Structural and Optical Properties of PLD Grown ZnO Films on Ablation Parameters,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 286, pp. 54–60. [CrossRef]
Taabouche, A. , Bouabellou, A. , Kermiche, F. , Hanini, F. , Sedrati, C. , Bouachiba, Y. , and Benazzouz, C. , 2016, “ Preparation and Characterization of Al-Doped ZnO Piezoelectric Thin Films Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Ceram. Int., 42(6), pp. 6701–6706. [CrossRef]
Noh, W. S. , Lee, J. A. , Lee, J. H. , Heo, Y. W. , and Kim, J. J. , 2016, “ Effect of Oxygen Pressure on the p-Type Conductivity of Ga, P co-Doped ZnO Thin Film Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Ceram. Int., 42(3), pp. 4136–4142. [CrossRef]
Kumarakuru, H. , Cherns, D. , and Collins, A. M. , 2014, “ The Growth and Conductivity of Nanostructured ZnO Films Grown on Al-Doped ZnO Precursor Layers by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Ceram. Int., 40(6), pp. 8389–8395. [CrossRef]
Shewale, P. S. , and Yu, Y. S. , 2016, “ The Effects of Pulse Repetition Rate on the Structural, Surface Morphological and UV Photodetection Properties of Pulsed Laser Deposited Mg-Doped ZnO Nanorods,” Ceram. Int., 42(6), pp. 7125–7134. [CrossRef]
Zhang, T. H. , and Huan, Y. , 2005, “ Nanoindentation and Nanoscratch Behaviors of DLC Coatings on Different Steel Substrates,” Compos. Sci. Technol., 65(9), pp. 1409–1413. [CrossRef]
Weise, G. , Mattern, N. , Hermann, H. , Teresiak, A. , Bächer, I. , Brückner, W. , Bauer, H. D. , Vinzelberg, H. , Reiss, G. , Kreissig, U. , and Mäder, M. , 1997, “ Preparation, Structure and Properties of MoSx Films,” Thin Solid Films, 298(1–2), pp. 98–106. [CrossRef]
Pietrzyk, B. , Miszczak, S. , Kaczmarek, Ł. , and Klich, M. , 2018, “ Low Friction Nanocomposite Aluminum Oxide/MoS2 Coatings Prepared by Sol-Gel Method,” Ceram. Int., 44(7), pp. 8534–8539. [CrossRef]
Stoyanov, P. , Gupta, S. , Chromik, R. R. , and Lince, J. R. , 2012, “ Microtribological Performance of Au–MoS2 Nanocomposite and Au/MoS2 Bilayer Coatings,” Tribol. Int., 52, pp. 144–152. [CrossRef]
Szameitat, K. , 1992, Hard Chrome Technology Modern, in a Line With Okonomie Ecology, Eugen G.Leuze Verlag, Bad Saulgau, Germany, pp. 124–136 pp. 124–136.
Liew, K. W. , Chia, S. Y. , Kok, C. K. , and Low, K. O. , 2013, “ Evaluation on Tribological Design Coatings of Al2O3, Ni–P–PTFE and MoS2 on Aluminium Alloy 7075 Under Oil Lubrication,” Mater. Des., 48, pp. 77–84. [CrossRef]
Kumar, P. , and Wani, M. F. , 2017, “ Friction and Wear Behaviour of Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloy/Steel Tribopair Under Dry and Lubricated Conditions,” J. Tribologi, 15, pp. 21–49. http://jurnaltribologi.mytribos.org/v15/JT-15-21-49.pdf
Vencl, A. , Bobic, I. , and Stojanovic, B. , 2014, “ Tribological Properties of A356 Al-Si Alloy Composites Under Dry Sliding Conditions,” Ind. Lubr. Tribol., 66(1), pp. 66–74. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

EDS of targets used for PLD coating (a) MoS2 target and (b) Ti target

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Scratch test with normal ramp loading of 2000 μN conducted in nine segments

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Surface topography using SPM: (a) Ti/MoS2 Coating roughness deposited on Al-Si substrate and (b) 3D SPM image of the coating surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(a) Scanning electron microscope micrograph of Ti/MoS2 coating deposited on Al-Si substrate and ((b) and (c)) EDS spectrum at point 1, point 2, and point 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Scanning electron microscope image showing the cross section of the Ti/MoS2 coating deposited on Al-Si substrate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

X-ray diffraction pattern of Ti/MoS2 coating deposited on Al-Si substrate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Raman spectra of Ti/MoS2 coating deposited on Al-Si substrate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

The nanoscratch test results for ramping normal load of 2000 μN for Ti/MoS2 coating: (a) scratch depth versus scratch distance, (b) lateral load versus scratch distance, and (c) COF versus scratch distance

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

(a) 2D in situ SPM image of the scratch damage with normal ramp load of 2000 μN for Ti/MoS2 coating and (b) 3D in situ SPM image of the scratch damage with normal ramp load of 2000 μN for Ti/MoS2 coating

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The 2D and 3D SPM images of wear test on Ti/MoS2 coated sample at 100 μN: ((a) and (b)) two cycles; ((c) and (d)) four cycles, ((e) and (f)) six cycles, ((g) and (h)) eight cycles, and ((i) and (j)) ten cycles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

The dependence of wear rate of Ti/MoS2 coating on wear cycles (two cycles, four cycles, six cycles, eight cycles, and ten cycles)

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In