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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Effect of Mg2Si Concentration on the Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Al–Mg2Si Composite

[+] Author and Article Information
Prosanta Biswas

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering,
National Institute of Technology Durgapur,
Durgapur 713209, West Bengal, India
e-mail: pb.15MME1104@phd.nitdgp.ac.in

Manas Kumar Mondal

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering,
National Institute of Technology Durgapur,
Durgapur 713209, West Bengal, India
e-mail: manas.nitdgp@gmail.com

Durbadal Mandal

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering,
National Institute of Technology Durgapur,
Durgapur 713209, West Bengal, India
e-mail: durbadal.mandal@mme.nitdgp.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received September 25, 2018; final manuscript received May 9, 2019; published online June 4, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Yonggang Meng.

J. Tribol 141(8), 081601 (Jun 04, 2019) (11 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1401; doi: 10.1115/1.4043779 History: Received September 25, 2018; Accepted May 09, 2019

The microstructural morphology and wear behavior of as-cast Al–X wt% Mg2Si (X = 0.0, 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, and 20.0) composites were investigated through optical microscopy (OM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The dry sliding wear behavior was studied against an EN 31 hardened steel disk at four different applied loads (19.6 N, 29.4 N, 39.2 N, and 49 N) with a sliding speed of 62.8 m/min for 1 h. The optical microscopy analysis exhibits that the primary Mg2Si particles average equivalent diameter and volume fraction are increased with an increase in Mg2Si (Mg and Si) concentration in the Al–Mg2Si composite. Therefore, the bulk hardness of the composites is increased, whereas the primary Mg2Si hardness decreased because the coarser primary Mg2Si particles have less compactness. The wear resistance of the commercially pure aluminum significantly improved due to Mg2Si reinforcement, and the wear resistance is increased with the increase in Mg2Si concentration up to 15.0 wt% and then decreased at 20.0 wt%. The tested composites worn surfaces and debris exhibit adhesion, delamination, microcutting-abrasion, abrasive- and oxidation-type wear mechanism.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Symmetric diagram of the pin-on-disk wear testing setup and configuration used in this investigation

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Fig. 2

Optical microstructure of (a) M0, (b) M5, (c) M10, (d) M15, and (e) M20 composites

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Fig. 3

Secondary electron image and EDX analysis of primary Mg2Si particles and hollows on it in the M20 composite

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Fig. 4

FESEM micrograph of the worn surface of the M0 composite tested under (a) 19.6 N, (b) 29.4 N, (c) 39.2 N, and (d) 49 N applied loads

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Fig. 5

FESEM micrograph of the wear debris of the M0 composite tested under (a) 19.6 N, (b) 29.4 N, (c) 39.2 N, and (d) 49 N applied loads

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Fig. 6

FESEM micrograph of the worn surface of the M15 composite tested under (a) 19.6 N, (b) 29.4 N, (c) 39.2 N, and (d) 49 N applied loads

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Fig. 7

FESEM micrograph of the wear debris of the Al–15.0 wt% Mg2Si composite tested under (a) 19.6 N, (b) 29.4 N, (c) 39.2 N, and (d) 49 N applied loads

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Fig. 8

FESEM micrograph of the major damaged worn surface of the (a) M0, (b) M5, (c) M10, (d) M15, and (e) M20 tested under 49 N applied load and (f) EDX spectra of the worn surface

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Fig. 9

FESEM micrograph of the wear debris of the ((a) and (i)) M0, ((b) and (ii)) M5, ((c) and (iii)) M10, ((d) and (iv)) M15, and (e) M20 composites tested under 49 N applied load

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Fig. 10

Cumulative wear loss and coefficient of friction as a dual function of sliding distance and applied load of the (a) M0, (b) M5, (c) M10, (d) M15, and (e) M20 composites

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Fig. 11

Graphical representation of the wear rate (g/m3) and the specific wear rate (m3 N−1 m−1) as a dual function of applied load during the wear test and Mg2Si concentration in the Al–Mg2Si composite

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Fig. 12

Graphical representation of wear resistance (kg−1) and wear coefficient (k) as a dual function of applied load during the wear test and Mg2Si concentration in the Al–Mg2Si composite

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Fig. 13

Bar diagram of initial hardness and worn surface hardness as a dual function of applied load during the wear test and Mg2Si concentration in the Al–Mg2Si composite

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Fig. 14

FESEM micrograph of the subsurface (surface perpendicular to the worn surface) of (a) M5, (b) M10, (c) M15, and (d) M20 composites

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