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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Experimental Investigation on Slurry Erosion Behavior of 304L Steel, Grey Cast Iron, and High Chromium White Cast Iron

[+] Author and Article Information
Rahul Tarodiya

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology,
Roorkee 247667, India
e-mail: rtarodiya@gmail.com

Bhupendra K. Gandhi

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology,
Roorkee 247667, India
e-mail: bkgmefme@iitr.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received March 23, 2019; final manuscript received May 24, 2019; published online June 14, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Yi Zhu.

J. Tribol 141(9), 091602 (Jun 14, 2019) (11 pages) Paper No: TRIB-19-1119; doi: 10.1115/1.4043903 History: Received March 23, 2019; Accepted May 24, 2019

The materials used for the slurry transportation system experience erosion wear due to the impact of suspended solid particles. In the present experimental investigation, a large size slurry pot tester was used to investigate the slurry erosion behavior of steel 304L, grey cast iron, and high chromium white cast iron in the velocity range of 9.0–18.5 m/s. Experiments were conducted by rotating the wear specimens in the pot tester at 1% weight concentration of Indian standard sand. The erosion behavior of the three target materials was evaluated by varying the orientation angle from 15 to 90 deg and particle size from 256 to 655 µm. The erosion rate was found to increase with velocity having power index value varying between 2 and 3, which increases with an increase in impact angle and depends on the target material. The erosion rate of the material also increases with the increase in particle size with the power index varying between 0.8 and 1.4 depending on the target material. No significant change was noticed in the mechanism of erosion of the target materials with the variation in velocity in the present range of test conditions. Empirical correlations are proposed to estimate the total erosion rate of all the three materials as a contribution of cutting and deformation wear.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic layout of slurry pot tester

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Fig. 2

SEM micrographs of different particle sizes

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Fig. 3

Effect of slurry replacement time on erosion

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Fig. 4

Repeatability of mass loss at different orientation angles in pot tester

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Fig. 5

Erosion rate variation of target materials with orientation angle and particle size at 13 m/s and 1% weighted solid concentration: (a) steel 304L, (b) grey cast iron, and (c) high chromium white cast iron

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Fig. 6

Variation of erosion rate of target materials with orientation angle and velocity: (a) erosion rate of steel 304L with particle size of 655 µm and (b) erosion rate of grey cast iron with particle size 362.5 µm

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Fig. 7

Variation in erosion rate of target materials with velocity for different orientation angles: (a) erosion rate of steel 304L with particle size of 655 µm: (i) for orientation angle 15–45 deg and (ii) for orientation angle 60–90 deg, (b) erosion rate of grey cast iron with particle size 362.5 µm, and (c) erosion rate of high chromium white cast iron with particle size of 550 µm

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Fig. 8

Effect of velocity on the mechanism of surface failure of steel 304L at 30 and 90 deg orientation angles with 655 µm size particles and 1% weight concentration. (i) Orientation angle = 30 deg: (a) velocity = 9 m/s, (b) velocity = 13 m/s, and (c) velocity = 18.5 m/s. (ii) Orientation angle = 90 deg: (d) velocity = 9 m/s, (e) velocity = 13 m/s, and (f) velocity = 18.5 m/s.

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Fig. 9

Effect of velocity on the mechanism of surface failure of grey cast iron at 30 and 90 deg orientation angles with 362.5 µm size particles and 1% weight concentration. (i) Orientation angle = 30 deg: (a) velocity = 9 m/s, (b) velocity = 13 m/s, and (c) velocity = 18.5 m/s. (ii) Orientation angle = 90 deg: (d) velocity = 9 m/s, (e) velocity = 13 m/s, and (f) velocity = 18.5 m/s

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Fig. 10

Effect of velocity on the mechanism of surface failure of high chromium white cast iron at 30 and 90 deg orientation angles with 550 µm size particles and 1% weight concentration. (i) Orientation angle = 30 deg: (a) velocity = 11 m/s, (b) velocity = 13 m/s, and (c) velocity = 18.5 m/s. (ii) Orientation angle = 90 deg: (d) velocity = 11 m/s, (e) velocity = 13 m/s, and (f) velocity = 18.5 m/s

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Fig. 11

Variation in erosion rate of different target materials with particle size: (a) steel 304L, (b) grey cast iron, and (c) high chromium white cast iron

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Fig. 12

Variation of erosion rate due to cutting and deformation with orientation angle (d = 362.5 µm, V = 13 m/s, Cw = 1%)

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Fig. 13

Variation of normalized cutting erosion rate with orientation angle: (a) steel 304L, (b) grey cast iron, and (c) high chromium white cast iron

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Fig. 14

Comparison of measured and predicted erosion rate value

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