Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Erosive Wear of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

[+] Author and Article Information
Bijan Mohammadi

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
P.O. Box 16765-163,
Narmak, Tehran 16846, Iran
e-mail: bijan_Mohammadi@iust.ac.ir

AmirSajjad Khoddami

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak, Tehran 16846, Iran
e-mail: a.s.khoddami@gmail.com

Mohammadreza Pourhosseinshahi

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak, Tehran 16846, Iran
e-mail: Mreza93.mechaengin@gmail.com

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received March 16, 2019; final manuscript received July 14, 2019; published online August 1, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Xiaolei Wang.

J. Tribol 141(10), (Aug 01, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-19-1104; doi: 10.1115/1.4044298 History: Received March 16, 2019; Accepted July 14, 2019

Solid particle erosion (SPE) as a common damage mechanism in industrial applications can reduce the effective operation of components or contribute to failure. However, it has beneficial usages in manufacturing processes, especially in abrasive sandblasting and waterjet cutting. The aim of this paper is an investigation of erosive behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy through numerical and experimental approaches. A three-dimensional finite element (FE) model is developed using the representative volume element (RVE) to simulate multiple particles impact on Ti-6Al-4V target. Failure and plastic behavior of the target surface due to particles impact is described by Johnson-Cook constitutive equations. Furthermore, erosive behavior of the alloy is experimentally researched by multiple SPE tests. Verification of the implemented approach is studied by comparing the results of the FE model and the SPE experiments. Effects of particles impact angle considering Johnson-Cook coefficient values and particles velocity on erosive behavior of Ti-6Al-4V are also studied. Both numerical and experimental results show a maximum erosion rate of the alloy at an impact angle of 45 deg for spherical sand particles with a diameter of 100 µm. According to the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, the erosion process involves both ductile and brittle mechanisms at this angle.

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup

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Fig. 2

Holder section of the experimental setup

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Fig. 3

SEM images of Ti-6Al-4V sample before the multiple SPE test

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Fig. 4

RVE model of a whole target under multiple simultaneous impacts

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Fig. 5

Constraints of the RVE

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Fig. 6

Determination of the RVE dimensions: (a) area of the target surface and (b) depth of the RVE

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Fig. 7

Consecutive multiple particles impacted on the same site of the RVE

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Fig. 8

Variations of erosion rate versus particles number impacting on the RVE for the velocity of (a) 45 m/s and (b) 75 m/s

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Fig. 9

The mesh convergence study under particles velocity of 60 m/s

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Fig. 10

FE model of the present study

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Fig. 11

Effect of impact angle on the erosion rate of Ti-6Al-4V considering J-C hardening rule constants for particles velocity of 60 m/s

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Fig. 12

Material removal and damaged area of Ti-6Al-4V after the impact of the particles with a velocity of 60 m/s for impact angle of (a) 25 deg, (b) 45 deg, and (c) 60 deg

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Fig. 13

SEM images of eroded Ti-6Al-4V surface at an impact angle of 45 deg and velocity of 60 m/s

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Fig. 14

Numerical investigation of the effect of velocity on erosion rate at an impact angle of 25 deg

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Fig. 15

Experimental investigation of the effect of velocity on erosion rate

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Fig. 16

The contours of von Mises stress at the same time at an impact angle of 25 deg on Ti-6Al-4V for the impact velocity value of (a) 45 m/s, (b) 60 m/s, and (c) 75 m/s

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Fig. 17

SEM images of eroded Ti-6Al-4V surface at an impact angle of 25 deg: (a) low velocity, (b) medium velocity, and (c) high velocity



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