Technical Brief

Numerical Analysis of the Contact Pressure in a Quasi-Static Elastomeric Reciprocating Sealing System

[+] Author and Article Information
Serge Tsala

20 Avenue Albert Einstein,
Villeurbanne Cedex 69 621, France;
Safran Landing Systems,
9 Rue Antoine de Saint-Exupéry,
Molsheim 67120, France

Yves Berthier

20 Avenue Albert Einstein,
Villeurbanne Cedex 69 621, France

Guilhem Mollon

20 Avenue Albert Einstein,
Villeurbanne Cedex 69 621, France

Aude Bertinotti

Safran Landing Systems,
9 Rue Antoine de Saint-Exupéry,
Molsheim 67120, France

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received December 10, 2017; final manuscript received April 24, 2018; published online May 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Noel Brunetiere.

J. Tribol 140(6), 064502 (May 21, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1476; doi: 10.1115/1.4040154 History: Received December 10, 2017; Revised April 24, 2018

In this technical brief, we present detailed finite element simulations of a sealing system operating in quasi-static conditions, in the framework of the real piston actuator of a landing gear braking system. Numerical results show two peaks of the contact pressure on the rod, and demonstrate that this contact pressure remains larger than that in the fluid chamber. These numerical results are qualitatively validated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations of a worn sealing system. Overall, this study shows the benefits of numerical simulation in geometrical design of sealing systems targeting a given contact pressure at the rod/seal interface.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
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Fig. 1

Piston actuator of a landing gear braking system

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Fig. 2

Axisymmetric illustration of the piston actuator

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Fig. 3

Axisymmetric model of the piston in abaqus 6.12

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Fig. 4

Coefficient of friction at different interfaces; in brackets: range of the values tested in the parametric study; in white rectangles: reference value

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Fig. 5

Illustration of the meshed model

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Fig. 6

Evolution of the hydraulic pressure and sliding speed of the seal

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Fig. 7

Summary of the simulation results

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Fig. 8

Experimental validation of the numerical design

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Fig. 9

Evolution of the rod/seal contact pressure during the braking phase with the stiffness of the seal

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Fig. 10

Evolution of the deformed shape and the contact pressure during the braking phase with the friction coefficient



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