A Numerical Model for the Elastic Frictionless Contact of Real Rough Surfaces

[+] Author and Article Information
M. N. Webster, R. S. Sayles

Tribology Section, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2BX, United Kingdom

J. Tribol 108(3), 314-320 (Jul 01, 1986) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3261185 History: Received June 28, 1984; Online October 29, 2009


A computer model for the dry, frictionless contact of real rough surfaces is presented. The model uses data directly recorded from a stylus measuring instrument and as a confirmation of the model it is shown to reproduce “smooth case” results with a high level of accuracy. Results are given for two important applications of the technique. The first considers the analysis of the contact pressure and displacements for a bearing surface including a debris induced dent in the contact zone. The results go someway to providing an explanation of early life failure often associated with debris contaminated oil. Secondly the relationship between load and real contact area is studied for a sample set of surface profiles. The results obtained are compared with random process theory. It is proposed that the numerical model represents a different approach to rough surface contact allowing certain assumptions about the nature of surface roughness to be relaxed.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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