Design of Nonlinear Squeeze-Film Dampers for Aircraft Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
E. J. Gunter, L. E. Barrett, P. E. Allaire

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

J. of Lubrication Tech 99(1), 57-64 (Jan 01, 1977) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3452990 History: Received January 07, 1976; Revised March 10, 1976; Online October 20, 2010


This paper examines the effect of squeeze-film damper bearings on the steady state and transient unbalance response of aircraft engine rotors. The nonlinear effects of the damper are examined, and the variance of the motion due to unbalance, static pressurization, retainer springs, and rotor preload is shown. The nonlinear analysis is performed using a time-transient method incorporating a solution of the Reynolds equation at each instant in time. The analysis shows that excessive stiffness in the damper results in large journal amplitudes and transmission of bearing forces to the engine casing which greatly exceed the unbalance forces. Reduction of the total effective bearing stiffness through static pressurization and rotor preload is considered. The reduction in stiffness allows the damping generated by the bearing to be more effective in attenuating rotor forces. It is observed that in an unpressurized damper, the dynamic transmissibility will exceed unity when the unbalance eccentricity exceeds approximately 50 percent of the damper clearance for the relatively wide range of conditions examined in this study.

Copyright © 1977 by ASME
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