Nonaxisymmetric Incompressible Hydrostatic Pressure Effects in Radial Face Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
Izhak Etsion

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion, Haifa, Israel

J. of Lubrication Tech 100(3), 379-383 (Jul 01, 1978) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3453190 History: Received August 30, 1976; Revised April 20, 1977; Online October 20, 2010


A flat seal having an angular misalignment is analyzed, taking into account the radial variations in seal clearance. An analytical solution for axial force, tilting moment, and leakage is presented that covers the whole range from zero to full angular misalignment (surfaces in contact). It is shown that nonaxisymmetric hydrostatic pressures due to the radial variations in the film thickness have a considerable effect on seal stability. When the high pressure is on the outer periphery of the seal, both the axial force and the tilting moment are nonrestoring. This causes the seal surfaces to wear at the outer diameter. Instability and wear at the inner diameter can occur when angular misalignment is combined with radial distortions and the high pressure is on the inner periphery. The case of high-pressure seals, where cavitation is eliminated, is discussed, and the possibility of dynamic instability is pointed out.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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