Film Formation and Flow Characteristics at the Inlet of a Starved Contact—Theoretical Study

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Bonneau, J. Frene

Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, Université de Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France

J. of Lubrication Tech 105(2), 178-185 (Apr 01, 1983) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3254559 History: Received February 19, 1981; Online November 13, 2009


The conditions of film formation are examined theoretically when starvation occurs. The analysis is for two-dimensional Newtonian flow and includes surface tension effects. Using an integral equation method, stream function solutions, velocity fields, pressure and shear stress distributions are calculated along and across the inlet zone of a sliding contact. The effect of surface tension and feeding thickness on the meniscus shape and on pressure buildup is studied in correlation with hydrodynamic effects. In all cases, pressure value lower than the gas pressure acting on the free boundary is found along the sliding surface. This depression value increases with an increase in viscosity or surface velocity. Owing to these results, a new interpretation of some published experimental data on starved contacts is proposed.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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