Numerical Modeling of Dynamic Sealing Behaviors of Spiral Groove Gas Face Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
Bo Ruan

Mechanical Seal Division, A. W. Chesterton Company, Groveland, MA 01834

J. Tribol 124(1), 186-195 (Jun 12, 2001) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1398291 History: Received January 17, 2001; Revised June 12, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Etsion,  I., 1982, “A Review of Mechanical Face Seal Dynamic,” Shock Vib. Dig., 14, pp. 9–14.
Etsion,  I., 1985, “Mechanical Face Seal Dynamics Update,” Shock Vib. Dig., 17, pp. 11–16.
Etsion,  I., 1991, “Mechanical Face Seal Dynamics 1985–1989,” Shock Vib. Dig., 23, pp. 3–7.
Zirkelback,  N., and San Andrés,  L., 1999, “Effect of Frequency Excitation on Force Coefficients of Spiral Groove Gas Seals,” ASME J. Tribol., 121, pp. 853–863.
Miller,  B. A., and Green,  I., 1999, “The Dynamic Properties of Annular Gas Squeeze Film Dampers,” Tribol. Trans., 43, pp. 302–310.
Shapiro,  W., and Colsher,  R., 1974, “Steady-State and Dynamic Analysis of a Jet Engine, Gas Lubricated Shaft Seal,” ASLE Trans., 17, pp. 190–200.
Miller,  B. A., and Green,  I., 2000, “Numerical Formulation for the Dynamic Analysis of Spiral-Grooved Gas Face Seal,” ASME J. Tribol., 123, pp. 395–403.
Green,  I., and Barnsby,  R. M., 2000, “A Simultaneous Numerical Solution for the Lubrication and Dynamic Stability of Noncontacting Gas Face Seals,” ASME J. Tribol., 123, pp. 388–394.
Harp,  S. R., and Salant,  R. F., 1998, “Analysis of Mechanical Seal Behavior During Transient Operation,” ASME J. Tribol., 120, pp. 191–197.
Ruan, B., 2001, “Numerical Analysis of Spiral Groove Gas Seals under Transient Conditions,” presented at the 56th STLE Annual meeting, Orlando, May 20–24, 2001, and accepted for publication in Trib. Trans.
Green,  I., and Etsion,  I., 1985, “Stability Threshold and Steady-State Response of Noncontacting Coned-Face Seals,” ASLE Trans., 28, pp. 449–460.
Fukui,  S., and Kaneko,  R., 1988, “Analysis of Ultra-Thin Gas Film Lubrication Based on Linearized Bolzmann Equation: First Report-Derivation of a Generalized Lubrication Equation Including Thermal Creep Flow,” ASME J. Tribol., 110, pp. 253–261.
Fukui,  S., and Kaneko,  R., 1990, “A Database for Interpolation of Poiseuille Flow Rates for High Knudsen Number Lubrication Problem,” ASME J. Tribol., 112, pp. 78–83.
Greenwood,  J. A., and Williamson,  J. B. P., 1966, “Contact of Nominally Flat Surfaces,” Proc. R. Soc. London, A295, pp. 300–319.
Etsion,  I., and Front,  I., 1994, “A Model for Static Sealing Performance of End Face Seals,” Tribol. Trans., 37, pp. 111–119.
Özisik, M. N., 1993, Heat Conduction, 2nd ed., John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, pp. 584–601.
Lebeck, A. O., 1991, Principles and Design of Mechanical Face Seals, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, pp. 355–357.
James,  D. D., and Potter,  A. F., 1967, “Numerical Analysis of the Gas-Lubricated Sprial-Groove Thrust Bearing-Compressor,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 89, pp. 439–444.
Bonneau,  D., and Huitric,  J., and Tournerie,  B., 1993, “Finite Element Analysis of Grooved Gas Thrust Bearings and Grooved Gas Face Seals,” ASME J. Tribol., 115, pp. 348–354.


Grahic Jump Location
Schematic cross sectional drawing of a spiral groove face seal
Grahic Jump Location
Spiral groove geometry with a typical isoparametric quad element
Grahic Jump Location
Rotor axial and angular motions: (a) startup operation; and (b) shutdown operation.
Grahic Jump Location
Stator to rotor relative axial and angular motions: (a) startup operation; and (b) shutdown operation.
Grahic Jump Location
Minimum film thickness and total stator to rotor relative tilt: (a) startup operation; and (b) shutdown operation.
Grahic Jump Location
Contact force and moments: (a) startup operation; and (b) shutdown operation.
Grahic Jump Location
Torque and power loss: (a) startup operation; and (b) shutdown operation.
Grahic Jump Location
Flow rate at seal ID and OD: (a) startup operation; and (b) shutdown operation.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In