Effect of Lubricant Protein Concentration on the Wear of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Sliding Against a CoCr Counterface

[+] Author and Article Information
Vesa Saikko

Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, P.O. Box 4300, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland

J. Tribol 125(3), 638-642 (Jun 19, 2003) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1537751 History: Received January 29, 2002; Revised September 19, 2002; Online June 19, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Liao,  Y.-S., Benya,  P. D., and McKellop,  H. A., 1999, “Effect of Protein Lubrication on the Wear Properties of Materials for Prosphetic Joints,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 48, pp. 465–473.
Saikko,  V., and Ahlroos,  T., 1999, “Type of Motion and Lubricant in Wear Simulation of Polyethylene Acetabular Cup,” J. Eng. Med., 213, pp. 301–310.
Saikko,  V., and Ahlroos,  T., 2000, “Wear Simulation of UHMWPE for Total Hip Replacement With a Multidirectional Motion Pin-on-Disk Device: Effects of Counterface Material, Contact Area, and Lubricant,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 49, pp. 147–154.
Wang, A., Polineni, V. K., Essner, A., Stark, C., and Dumbleton, J. H., 1998, “Role of Proteins and Hyaluronic Acid in the Lubrication and Wear of UHMWPE Acetabular Cups,” 24th Annual Meeting, Society for Biomaterials, San Diego, Ca., U.S.A.
Yao, J. Q., Laurent, M. P., Gilbertson, L. N., Blanchard, C. R., Crownishield, R. D., and Jacobs, J. J., 2002, “A Comparison of Biological Lubricants to Bovine Calf Serum for Total Joint Wear Testing,” 48th Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society, Dallas, Tx., U.S.A.
ISO 14242-1 International Standard, 2002, “Implants for Surgery—Wear of Total Hip Joint Prostheses—Part 1: Loading and Displacement Parameters for Wear-Testing Machines and Corresponding Environmental Conditions for Test,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Bragdon,  C. R., O’Connor,  D. O., Lowenstein,  J. D., Jasty,  M., and Syniuta,  W. D., 1996, “The Importance of Multidirectional Motion on the Wear of Polyethylene,” J. Eng. Med, 210, pp. 157–165.
Wang,  A., Polineni,  V. K., Essner,  A., Sokol,  M., Sun,  D. C., Stark,  C., and Dumbleton,  J. H., 1997, “The Significance of Nonlinear Motion in the Wear Screening of Orthopaedic Implant Materials,” J. Test. Eval., 25, pp. 239–245.
Saikko,  V., and Calonius,  O., 2002, “Slide Track Analysis of the Relative Motion Between Femoral Head and Acetabular Cup in Walking and in Hip Simulators,” J. Biomech., 35, pp. 455–464.
Lowry,  O. H., Rosebrough,  N. J., Farr,  A., and Randall,  R. J., 1951, “Protein Measurement With the Folin Phenol Reagent,” J. Biol. Chem., 193, pp. 265–275.
Saikko,  V., Ahlroos,  T., Calonius,  O., and Keränen,  J., 2001, “Wear Simulation of Total Hip Prostheses With Polyethylene Against CoCr, Alumina and Diamond-Like Carbon,” Biomaterials, 22, pp. 1507–1514.
Atkinson,  J. R., Dowson,  D., Isaac,  G. H., and Wroblewski,  B. M., 1985, “Laboratory Wear Tests and Clinical Observations of the Penetration of Femoral Heads Into Acetabular Cups in Total Replacement Hip Joints III: The Measurement of Internal Volume Changes in Explanted Charnley Sockets After 2–16 Years In Vivo and the Determination of Wear Factors,” Wear, 104, pp. 225–244.
McKellop,  H. A., Campbell,  P., Park,  S. H., Schmalzried,  T. P., Grigoris,  P., Amstutz,  H. C., and Sarmiento,  A., 1995, “The Origin of Submicron Polyethylene Wear Debris in Total Hip Arthroplasty,” Clin. Orthop., 311, pp. 3–20.
Wang,  A., Polineni,  V. K., Stark,  C., and Dumbleton,  J. H., 1998, “Effect of Femoral Head Surface Roughness on the Wear of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Acetabular Cups,” J. Arthroplasty, 13, pp. 615–620.
Wang, A., Polineni, V. K., Essner, A., Stark, C., and Dumbleton, J. H., 1999, “Quantitative Analysis of Serum Degradation and Its Effect on the Outcome of Hip Joint Simulator Wear Testing on UHMWPE,” 45th Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society, Anaheim, Ca., U.S.A.
Saikko,  V., Ahlroos,  T., and Calonius,  O., 2001, “A Three-Axis Knee Wear Simulator With Ball-on-Flat Contact,” Wear, 249, pp. 310–315.
Calonius,  O., and Saikko,  V., 2002, “Analysis of Polyethylene Particles Produced in Different Wear Conditions In Vitro,” Clin. Orthop., 399, pp. 219–230.


Grahic Jump Location
Variation of polyethylene wear factor with lubricant protein concentration, phase I. Lubricants prepared from serum concentrate.
Grahic Jump Location
Polyethylene wear factor produced in similar test conditions, phase II. Lubricant protein concentration 22.5 mg/ml in all 12 test stations. The order of test stations in Figs. 1 and 3 is the same as here.
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of polyethylene wear factor with lubricant protein concentration, phase III. Lubricants prepared from serum, instead of serum concentrate. Note very high wear factor in station 1 where lubricant was distilled water, indicated by zero concentration.
Grahic Jump Location
Low-magnification optical micrograph from wear face of polyethylene pin after 3 million cycles showing protuberances, which appear dark (phase I, st. 3, c=11.6 mg/ml)
Grahic Jump Location
Optical micrographs from wear face of polyethylene pin after 3 million cycles (phase I, st. 5, protein concentration 23.2 mg/ml). With low magnification (a), criss-cross scratches, and with high magnification (b), ripples and wear debris are seen.
Grahic Jump Location
Scanning electron micrographs from 0.05 μm pore size Nucleopore filters, through which were filtered the digested serum samples from phase I, showing polyethylene wear particles, (a) st. 1, c=2.9 mg/ml, (b) st. 12, c=116 mg/ml.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In