A Finite Element Model for Spherical Debris Denting in Heavily Loaded Contacts

[+] Author and Article Information
Young Sup Kang, Farshid Sadeghi

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1288

Mike R. Hoeprich

The Timken Company, 1835 Dueber Avenue, S.W., Canton, OH 44706

J. Tribol 126(1), 71-80 (Jan 13, 2004) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1609483 History: Received July 02, 2002; Revised April 23, 2003; Online January 13, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Cusano,  C., and Sliney,  H. E., 1982, “Dynamic of Solid Dispersions in Oil During the Lubrication of Point Contacts, Part I—Graphite,” ASLE Trans., 25, pp. 183–189.
Cusano,  C., and Sliney,  H. E., 1982, “Dynamic of Solid Dispersions in Oil During the Lubrication of Point Contacts, Part II—Molybdenum Disulfide,” ASLE Trans., 25, pp. 190–197.
Sayles, R. S., and Macpherson, P. B., 1982, “The Influence of Wear Debris on Rolling Contact Fatigue,” Rolling Contact Fatigue Testing of Bearing Steels, J. J./C. Hoo, ed., ASTM STP771, ASTM.
Wan,  G. T. Y., and Spikes,  H. A., 1988, “The Behavior of Suspended Solid Particles in Rolling and Sliding Elastohydrodynamic Contacts,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 31(1), pp. 12–21.
Dwyer-Joyce, R. S., Hamer, J. C., Sayles, R. S., and Ioannides, E., 1990, “Surface Damage Effects Caused by Debris in Rolling Bearing Lubricants, With An Emphasis on Friable Materials,” in Rolling Element Bearings—Towards the 21st Century, Mechanical Engineering Publications for the I. Mech. E., pp. 17–24.
Dwyer-Joyce, R. S., Hamer, J. C., and Sayles, R. S., and Ioannides, E., 1992, “Lubricant Screening for Debris Effects to Improve Fatigue and Wear Life,” Proceedings of the 18th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Wear Particles: From the Cradle to the Grave, Tribology Series 21, Elsevier, pp. 57–63.
Cann, P. M. E., Hamer, J. C., Sayles, R. S., Spikes, and Ioannides, E., 1996, “Direct Observation of Particle Entry and Deformation in a Rolling EHD Contact,” Proceedings of the 22nd Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Dowson, D., Taylor, C. M., and Godet, M., eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 127–134.
Nixon, H. P., and Cogdell, J. D., 1998, “Debris Signature Analysis: A Method for Assessing the Detrimental Effect of Specific Debris Contained Lubrication Environments,” SAE Paper 981478.
Ville, F., and Nélias, D., 1998, “Influence of the Nature and Size of Solid Particles on the Indentation Features in EHL Contacts,” Proceedings of the 24th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, London (England), Dowson et al., ed., Elsevier, Tribology Series, 34 , pp. 399–410.
Ville,  F., and Nélias,  D., 1999, “An Experimental Study on the Concentration and Shape of Dents Caused by Spherical Metallic Particles in EHL Contacts,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 42, pp. 231–240.
Hamer, J. C., Sayles, R. S., and Ioannides, E., 1987, “Deformation Mechanisms and Stresses Created by Third Body Debris Contacts and Their Effects on Rolling Bearing Fatigue,” Proceedings of the 14th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Lyon, Interface Dynamics, Tribology Series 12, Elsevier, pp. 201–208.
Hamer,  J. C., Sayles,  R. S., and Ioannides,  E., 1989, “Particle Deformation and Counterface Damage When Relatively Soft Particles are Squashed Between Hard Anvils,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 32(3), pp. 281–288.
Timoshenko, S., 1951, Theory of Elasticity, 2nd ed., McGraw Hill Inc., NY.
Ko, C. N., and Ioannides, E., 1988, “Debris Denting—The Associated Residual Stresses and Their Effect on the Fatigue Life of Rolling Bearing: An FEM Analysis,” Preceedings of the 15th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Leeds, Elsevier, pp. 199–207.
Ai,  X., and Cheng,  H. S., 1994, “Influence of Moving Dent on Point EHL Contacts,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 37(2), pp. 323–335.
Ai,  X., and Lee,  S. C., 1996, “Effect of Slide-to-Roll Ratio on Interior Stresses Around a Dent in EHL Contacts,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 39(4), pp. 881–889.
Xu,  G., and Sadeghi,  F., 1996, “Spall Initiation and Propagation Due to Debris Denting,” Wear, 201, pp. 106–116.
Xu,  G., Nickel,  D. A., Sadeghi,  F., and Ai,  X., 1996, “Elasto-Plasto Hydrodynamic Lubrication With Dent Effects,” Journal of Engineering Tribology, United Kingdom Institution of Mechanical Engineers,210, pp. 233–245.
Xu,  G., Sadeghi,  F., and Cogdell,  J. D., 1997, “Debris Denting Effects on Elastohydrodynamic Lubricated Contacts,” ASME J. Tribol., 119(3), pp. 579–587.
Xu,  G., Sadeghi,  F., and Hoeprich,  M. R., 1997, “Residual Stresses Due to Debris Effects in EHL Contacts,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 40(4), pp. 613–620.
Nikas,  G. K., Ioannides,  E., and Sayles,  R. S., 1999, “Thermal Modeling and Effects From Debris Particles in Sliding/Rolling EHD Line Contacts—A Possible Local Scuffing Mode,” ASME J. Tribol., 121(2), pp. 272–281.
Boyer, H. E., 1987, Altas of Stress-Strain Curves, ASM International, OH.
Hoo, J. J. C., and Green, W. B. Jr., 1998, Bearing Steels into the 21st Century, ASTM, PA.
Ju,  Y., and Farris,  T. N., 1996, “Spectral Analysis of Two-Dimensional Contact Problems,” ASME J. Tribol., 118(2), pp. 320–328.
Stanley,  H. M., and Kato,  T., 1997, “An FFT-Based Method for Rough Surface Contact,” ASME J. Tribol., 119(3), pp. 481–485.
Zhao,  J., Sadeghi,  F., and Hoeprich,  M. H., 2001, “Analysis of EHL Circular Contact Start Up: Part I—Mixed Contact Model With Pressure and Film Thickness Results,” ASME J. Tribol., 123(1), pp. 67–74.


Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of dry contact with a debris particle and forces applied: (a) two cylinders in contact; and (b) debris forces
Grahic Jump Location
Elastic-linear-kinematic hardening plastic (ELKP) stress-strain relationship
Grahic Jump Location
Finite element model of cylinders in contact with a spherical debris: (a) side view; and (b) perspective view.
Grahic Jump Location
Deformed debris shape (saucer shape debris): (a) perspective view; (b) side view; and (c) top view
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of DCM computational domain
Grahic Jump Location
Debris denting process: debris and mating surface deformation and internal stresses
Grahic Jump Location
Debris deformation at each time step during the denting process (FEM)
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of material properties on debris dent shape
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of friction coefficient on debris dent shape
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of debris size on debris dent shape
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of applied load on debris dent shape
Grahic Jump Location
Aspect ratio of the debris obtained from the FE model under various operating conditions
Grahic Jump Location
Contact pressure and debris deformation at different time steps as it passes through the contact: (a) θ=1; (b) θ=5; and (c) θ=9
Grahic Jump Location
Pressure and surface deformation at different steps (DCM, perspective view): (a) θ=1; (b) θ=5; and (c) θ=9
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of debris load ratios at different debris locations obtained from FEM and DCM



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In