Effects of the Feedline and the Hydrostatic Pocket Depth on the Flow Pattern and Pressure Distribution

[+] Author and Article Information
M. J. Braun, M. Dzodzo

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325

J. Tribol 117(2), 224-232 (Apr 01, 1995) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831233 History: Received April 05, 1994; Revised July 01, 1994; Online January 24, 2008


The paper treats on a comparative basis the development of the flow and pressure maps in deep, and respectively, shallow hydrostatic bearing pockets. The numerical simulation uses a dimensionless formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations written for a body fitted coordinates system, and applied through a collocated grid. The present work is a continuation of the simulations performed by Braun et al. (1993, 1994a, 1994b) to cases where the length and diameter of the restrictor feedline is of consequence to the flow in both the shallow and the deep pocket. The model includes the coupling between the pocket flow and a finite length feedline flow, on one hand, and the pocket and the adjacent lands on the other hand. Geometrically, all pockets have the same projected footprint, lands length, and capillary feedline. This numerical study uses the Reynolds number Re based on the runner velocity (laminar range only), and the inlet jet strength F as the dynamic similarity parameters, while the dimensionless clearance C is used as a geometric parameter. The flow structures, and the physical reasons underlying the causes of the pressure variation inside the deep and shallow pockets [either longitudinally (radially) or transversally (circum-ferentially)], are discussed quantitatively and comparatively. It is further shown that the transversal pressure distributions under the runner are highly dependent on whether the flow is dominated by the rotation of the runner (hydrodynamic effects), or by the strength of the hydrostatic jet (F ). Finally the longitudinal pressure curves in the depth of the pocket, and restrictor are presented and the nature of their variation discussed. The back step and Rayleigh step effects are also discussed on a comparative basis for the two types of pockets, and in conjunction with the Couette, and the jet dominated flow. The modification of the central vortical zones of the deep pockets into oblong vortical zones for the shallow pockets is presented, and its consequences are discussed.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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