Research Papers: Applications

The Effect of Acoustic Streaming on the Ring Area Around the Cavitation Erosion Pit

[+] Author and Article Information
Dayun Yan

State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China

Jiadao Wang

State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: jdwang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received October 14, 2013; final manuscript received December 13, 2013; published online January 20, 2014. Assoc. Editor: George K. Nikas.

J. Tribol 136(2), 021102 (Jan 20, 2014) (5 pages) Paper No: TRIB-13-1217; doi: 10.1115/1.4026348 History: Received October 14, 2013; Revised December 13, 2013

The formation of a ring area around the cavitation erosion pit on carbon steel is due to the cavitation erosion–corrosion. For the ultrasonic irradiation in water, both the ultrasonic cavitation and the acoustic streaming are generated. Due to the oscillation of the horn, the acoustic streaming flows from the tip of the horn to the bulk water. So far, the acoustic streaming has not been considered in previous studies on the ultrasonic cavitation erosion–corrosion. This study first reveals that the acoustic streaming noticeably affects the evolution of the nascent ring area. The mean velocity of acoustic streaming is inversely proportional to the gap (H) between the tip of the horn and the surface of the specimen. When H is 65 mm and 40 mm, the corresponding ring area is mainly composed of vertical sandwich sheets. In contrast, when H is 17 mm, the corresponding ring area is mainly composed of horizontal thin sheets. This study provides a complete picture to understand the ultrasonic cavitation erosion–corrosion on carbon steel.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Bourne, N. K., and Field, J. E., 1995, “A High Speed Photographic Study of Cavitation Damage,” J. Appl. Phys., 78, pp. 4423–4427. [CrossRef]
Chen, H. S., 2009, “A Ring Area Formed Around the Erosion Pit on 1Cr18Ni9Ti Stainless Surface in Incipient Cavitation Erosion,” Wear, 266, pp. 884–887. [CrossRef]
Chen, H. S., 2010, “Iridescent Rings Around Cavitation Erosion Pits on Surfaces of Mild Carbon Steel,” Wear, 249, pp. 602–606. [CrossRef]
Karrab, S. A., Doheim, M. A., Mohammed, M. S., and Ahmed, S. M., 2012, “Investigation of the Ring Area Formed Around Cavitation Erosion Pits on the Surface of Carbon Steel,” Tribol. Lett., 45, pp. 437–444. [CrossRef]
Yan, D. Y., Wang, J. D., Liu, F. B., and Chen, D. R., 2013, “The Generation of Nano Sandwich Sheets in Ring Areas Around Cavitation Erosion Pit on the Surface of Carbon Steel,” Wear, 303, pp. 419–425. [CrossRef]
Schenker, M. C., Pourquie, M. J., Eskin, D. G., and Boersma, B. J., 2013, “PIV Quantification of the Flow Induced by an Ultrasonic Horn and Numerical Modeling of the Flow and Related Processing Times,” Ultrason. Sonochem., 20, pp. 502–509. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Kumar, A., Kumaresan, T., Pandit, A. B., and Joshi, J. B., 2006, “Characterization of Flow Phenomena Induced by Ultrasonic Horn,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 61, pp. 7410–7420. [CrossRef]
Sei, J. O., Cook, D. C., and Townsend, H. E., 1998, “Characterization of Iron Oxides Commonly Formed as Corrosion Products on Steel,” Hyperfine. Interact., 112, pp. 59–65. [CrossRef]
Zhang, X., Xiao, K., Dong, C. F., Wu, J. S., Li, X. G., and Huang, Y. Z., 2011, “In situ Raman Spectroscopy Study of Corrosion Products on the Surface of Carbon Steel in Solution Containing Cl and SO42−,” Eng. Fail. Anal., 18, pp. 1981–1989. [CrossRef]
Borkent, B. M., Arora, M., and Ohi, C. D., 2007, “Reproducible Cavitation Activity in Water-Particle Suspensions,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 121, pp. 1406–1412. [CrossRef] [PubMed]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

SEM images of the ring area generated in the experiment with H = 17 mm; (a) 1 s; (b) 5 min; (c) 10 min; and (d) 15 min

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Raman characterization of ring area (1 s, H = 17 mm); (a) optical microscope image; and (b) Raman spectrum

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Raman characterization on the ring area (20 min, H = 17 mm); (a) optical microscope image; and (b) Raman spectrum

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

SEM images of ring areas generated in the experiment lasting 20 min; (a) whole ring area, H = 65 mm; (b) details in ring area, H = 65 mm; (c) whole ring area, H = 40 mm; (d) details in ring area, H = 40 mm; (e) whole ring area, H = 17 mm; and (f) details in ring area, H = 17 mm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In