Research Papers: Friction & Wear

Prediction of Erosion of Polyetherimide and Its Composites Using Response Surface Methodology

[+] Author and Article Information
Avinash A. Thakre

Assistant Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Nagpur 440010, India
e-mails: aathakre@mec.vnit.ac.in; avinashathakre@gmail.com

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received June 20, 2014; final manuscript received August 6, 2014; published online September 1, 2014. Assoc. Editor: George K. Nikas.

J. Tribol 137(1), 011603 (Sep 01, 2014) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-14-1142; doi: 10.1115/1.4028267 History: Received June 20, 2014; Revised August 06, 2014

This paper presents an approach to establish the model for predicting the steady-state erosion rate of polyetherimide and its glass fiber composites. Three-factor and two-level, face-centered composite design is used for experimentation. The parameters which affect the erosion rate are selected as glass fiber percentage (0–40%), impingement angle (30 deg–90 deg), and impact velocity (30–90 m/s). Response surface methodology is used to derive second-order quadratic model with interactions. Investigation showed all the parameters have significant effect on controlling steady-state erosion rate of these composites. The interactions of impact velocity-fiber percentage and impact velocity-impingement angle are significant. The increase in erosion rate with the increase in impact velocity is found to be satisfying a power law. Maximum erosion rate for these composites found at around 45 deg–60 deg impingement angle indicates their semiductile erosion behavior. Scanning electron microscopy photographs indicate ploughing, microcutting, development of cracks, and exposure of fibers as the dominating erosion mechanisms for these composites.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Neale, M. J., and Gee, M., 2001, Guide to Wear Problems and Testing for Industry, William Andrew Publishing, New York.
Tilly, G. P., and Sage, W., 1970, “The Interaction of Particle and Material Behavior in Erosion Process,” Wear, 16(6), pp. 447–465. [CrossRef]
Hutchings, I. M., 2000, Solid Particle Erosive Wear Testing in ASM Handbook, Vol. 8, ASM International, Materials Park, OH, pp. 338–345.
Harsha, A. P., Tewari, U. S., and Venkatraman, B., 2003, “Solid Particle Erosion Behaviour of Various Polyaryletherketone Composites,” Wear, 254, pp. 693–712. [CrossRef]
Barkoula, N. M., and Karger-Kocsis, J., 2002, “Effect of Fiber Content and Relative Fiber Orientation on the Solid Particle Erosion of GF/PP Composites,” Wear, 252(1–2), pp. 80–87. [CrossRef]
Barkoula, N. M., and Karger-Kocsis, J., 2002, “Review-Processes and Influencing Parameters of the Solid Particle Erosion of Polymers and Their Composites,” J. Mater. Sci., 37(18), pp. 3807–3820. [CrossRef]
The Comprehensive Guide to Material Properties. Design Processing and Secondary Operation ULTEM Polyetherimide Resin, General Electric Company.
Harsha, A. P., and Thakre, A. A., 2007, “Investigation on the Solid Particle Erosion Behavior of Polyetherimide and Its Composites,” Wear, 262(7–8), pp. 807–818. [CrossRef]
Bijwe, J., Tewari, U. S., and Vasudevan, P., 1990, “Friction and Wear Studies of Polyetherimide Composites,” Wear, 138(1–2), pp. 61–76. [CrossRef]
Tewari, U. S., and, Bijwe, J., 1993, “Recent Developments in Tribology of Fiber Reinforced Composites. With Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Matrices,” Advances in Composite Tribology, Composite Material Series 8, K.Friedrich, ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 159–207.
Tewari, U. S., and Bijwe, J., 1992, “Tribological Investigations of Polyetherimide Composite,” J. Mater. Sci., 27(2), pp. 328–334. [CrossRef]
Box, G. E. P., Hunter, W. G., and Hunter, J. S., 2005, Statistics for Experimenters: An Introduction to Design, Data Analysis and Model Building, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York.
Mahapatra, S. S., Patnaik, A., and Satapathy, A., 2008, “Taguchi Method Applied to Parametric Appraisal of Erosion Behavior of GF Reinforced Polyester Composites,” Wear, 265(1–2), pp. 214–222. [CrossRef]
Patnaik, A., Satapathy, A., Mahapatra, S., and Dash, R. R., 2008, “Implementation of Taguchi Design for Erosion of Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Composite Systems With SiC Filler,” J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 27, pp. 1093–1111. [CrossRef]
Satapathy, A., Patnaik, A., and Pradhan, M. K., 2009, “A Study on Processing, Characterization and Erosion Behavior of Fish (Labeo-rohita) Scale Filled Epoxy Matrix Composites,” Mater. Des., 30, pp. 2359–2371. [CrossRef]
Zhang, Z., Barkoula, N. M., Karger Kocsis, J., and Friedrich, K., 2003, “Artificial Neural Network Predictions on Erosive Wear of Polymers,” Wear, 255(1–6), pp. 708–713. [CrossRef]
Ruff, A. W., and Ives, L. K., 1975, “Measurement of Solid Particle Velocity in Erosive Wear,” Wear, 35(1), pp. 195–199. [CrossRef]
Li, J., and Hutchings, I. M., 1990, “Resistance of Cast Polyurethane Elastomers to Solid Particle Erosion,” Wear, 135(2), pp. 293–303. [CrossRef]
Choudhury, I. A., and El-Baradie, M. A., 1998, “Tool-life Prediction Model by Design of Experiments for Turning High Strength Steel (290 BHN),” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 77(1–3), pp. 319–326. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09240136/77/1
Suresh, P. V. S., Rao, P. V., and Deshmukh, S. G., 2002, “A Genetic Algorithmic Approach for Optimization of Surface Roughness Prediction Model,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 42(6), pp. 675–680. [CrossRef]
Padmanabhan, K. K., and Murthy, A. S. R., 1991, “Evaluation of Frictional Damping by Response Surface Methodology,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 31(1), pp. 95–105. [CrossRef]
Pool, K. V., Dharan, C. K. H., and Finnie, I., 1986, “Erosive Wear of Composite Materials,” Wear, 107(1), pp. 1–12. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of erosion test rig [8]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Erosion rate of polyetherimide and its composites plotted against cumulative weight of impinging particles for different experimental conditions: (a) for α = 30 deg and v = 60 m/s, (b) for α = 60 deg and v = 60 m/s, (c) for α = 90 deg and v = 60 m/s, and (d) for α = 60 deg and v = 90 m/s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Main effects plot for steady-state erosion rate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Interaction plots for steady-state erosion rate (a) for fiber percentage and impingement angle, (b) for fiber percentage and impact velocity, and (c) for impingement angle and impact velocity

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Scanning electron micrographs of eroded surfaces for (a) neat polymer at α = 60 deg and v = 90 m/s, (b) 20% glass fiber reinforced composite for α = 60 deg and v = 60 m/s, (c) 40% glass fiber reinforced composite for α = 30 deg and v = 90 m/s at 1500× , and (d) 40% glass fiber reinforced composite for α = 30 deg and v = 90 m/s at 1000×



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In