Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Influence of Graphite on Tribological Properties of Hexagonal Boron Nitride Hybrid/Polyimide Composites in Wide Temperature Range

[+] Author and Article Information
Yanming Wang

Equipment Manufacturing College,
Hebei University of Engineering,
Handan 056038, China;
State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
e-mail: tangwangym@163.com

Peng Cai, Qihua Wang

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China

Tingmei Wang

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
e-mail: wangtin3088@sina.com

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received October 29, 2015; final manuscript received May 19, 2017; published online August 2, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Mircea Teodorescu.

J. Tribol 140(1), 011605 (Aug 02, 2017) (6 pages) Paper No: TRIB-15-1387; doi: 10.1115/1.4036935 History: Received October 29, 2015; Revised May 19, 2017

Tribological and mechanical properties of aramid fiber (AF), graphite (Gr), and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) hybrid polyimide composites were investigated under room and high temperature. Results show that, Gr in composite reinforced with AF and h-BN can reduce coefficient of friction (COF) and improve antiwear property of composites under room temperature. Gr can accelerate the formation of transfer film under high temperature without sacrificing the wear resistant of composites. Transfer film of composites reinforced with Gr and h-BN simultaneously present more smooth and uniform compared with that of composites reinforced with only AF and h-BN. However, under higher temperature, composite reinforced with pure Gr present higher COFs and wear rates (WRs) compared with composites filled with h-BN and Gr simultaneously. Comprehensively, composite filled with 10% AF, 3% h-BN, and 4% Gr is the optimum composition.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Hergenrother, P. M. , 2003, “ The Use, Design, Synthesis, and Properties of High Performance/High Temperature Polymers: An Overview,” High Perform. Polym., 15(1), pp. 3–45. [CrossRef]
Su, C.-N. , Ji, M. , Fan, L. , and Yang, S.-Y. , 2011, “ Phenylethynyl-Endcapped Oligomides With Low Melt Viscosities and High Tgs: Effects of the Molecular Weights,” High Perform. Polym., 23(5), pp. 352–361. [CrossRef]
Lincoln, J. E. , Hout, S. , Flaherty, K. , Curliss, D. B. , and Morgan, R. J. , 2008, “ High Temperature Organic/Inorganic Addition Cure Polyimide Composites, Part 1: Matrix Thermal Properties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 107(6), pp. 3557–3567. [CrossRef]
Huang, T. , Li, T. , Xin, Y. , Liu, P. , and Su, C. , 2013, “ Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Hybrid Fabric–Modified Polyetherimide Composites,” Wear, 306(1–2), pp. 64–72. [CrossRef]
Yanming, W. , Tingmei, W. , and Qihua, W. , 2014, “ Effect of Molecular Weight on Tribological Properties of Thermosetting Polyimide Under High Temperature,” Tribol. Int., 78, pp. 47–59. [CrossRef]
Huang, T. , Liu, P. , Lu, R. , Huang, Z. , Chen, H. , and Li, T. , 2012, “ Modification of Polyetherimide by Phenylethynyl Terminated Agent for Improved Tribological, Macro- and Micro-Mechanical Properties,” Wear, 292–293, pp. 25–32. [CrossRef]
Briscoe, B. J. , and Sinha, S. K. , 2002, “ Wear of Polymers,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part J, 216(6), pp. 401–413. [CrossRef]
Lee, S. M. , Shin, M. W. , and Jang, H. , 2014, “ Effect of Carbon-Nanotube Length on Friction and Wear of Polyamide 6,6 Nanocomposites,” Wear, 320, pp. 103–110. [CrossRef]
Molazemhosseini, A. , Tourani, H. , Khavandi, A. , and Eftekhari Yekta, B. , 2013, “ Tribological Performance of PEEK Based Hybrid Composites Reinforced With Short Carbon Fibers and Nano-Silica,” Wear, 303(1–2), pp. 397–404. [CrossRef]
Liu, H. , Pei, X. Q. , and Wang, Q. H. , 2011, “ A Comparative Investigation of Thermal and Tribological Properties of Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Polyimides With Similar Structural Formulae,” J. Macromol. Sci. Part B, 50(11), pp. 2116–2128. [CrossRef]
Wang, Q. H. , Zhang, X. R. , and Pei, X. Q. , 2010, “ Study on the Synergistic Effect of Carbon Fiber and Graphite and Nanoparticle on the Friction and Wear Behavior of Polyimide Composites,” Mater. Des., 31(8), pp. 3761–3768. [CrossRef]
Otero, I. , López, E. R. , Reichelt, M. , and Fernández, J. , 2014, “ Tribo-Chemical Reactions of Anion in Pyrrolidinium Salts for Steel-Steel Contact,” Tribol. Int., 77, pp. 160–170. [CrossRef]
Zhang, G. , 2010, “ Structure–Tribological Property Relationship of Nanoparticles and Short Carbon Fibers Reinforced PEEK Hybrid Composites,” J. Polym. Sci.: Part B: Polym. Phys., 48(7), pp. 801–811. [CrossRef]
Chang, L. , Zhang, Z. , Ye, L. , and Friedrich, K. , 2007, “ Tribological Properties of High Temperature Resistant Polymer Composites With Fine Particles,” Tribol. Int., 40(7), pp. 1170–1178. [CrossRef]
Liu, H. , Wang, T. M. , and Wang, Q. H. , 2012, “ In Situ Synthesis and Properties of PMR PI/SiO2 Nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 125(1), pp. 488–493. [CrossRef]
Shi, Y. J. , Mu, L. W. , Feng, X. , and Lu, X. H. , 2011, “ The Tribological Behavior of Nanometer and Micrometer TiO2 Particle Filled Polytetrafluoroethylene/Polyimide,” Mater. Des., 32(2), pp. 964–970. [CrossRef]
Samyn, P. , and Schoukens, G. , 2008, “ The Lubricity of Graphiteflake Inclusions in Sintered Polyimides Affected by Chemical Reactions at High Temperatures,” Carbon, 46(7), pp. 1072–1084. [CrossRef]
Onodera, T. , Kawasaki, K. , Nakakawaji, T. , Higuchi, Y. , Ozawa, N. , Kurihara, K. , and Kubo, M. , 2014, “ Effect of Tribochemical Reaction on Transfer-Film Formation by Poly(Tetrafluoroethylene),” J. Phys. Chem. C., 118(22), pp. 11820–11826. [CrossRef]
Kim, J. W. , Jang, H. , and Kim, J. W. , 2014, “ Friction and Wear of Monolithic and Glass-Fiber Reinforced PA66 in Humid Conditions,” Wear, 309(1–2), pp. 82–88. [CrossRef]
Zhu, Y. , Lin, S. , Wang, H. , and Liu, D. , 2014, “ Study on the Tribological Properties of Porous Sweating PEEK Composites Under Ionic Liquid Lubricated Condition,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 131(21), pp. 40989–40994.
Ben Difallah, B. , Kharrat, M. , Dammak, M. , and Monteil, G. , 2012, “ Mechanical and Tribological Response of ABS Polymer Matrix Filled With Graphite Powder,” Mater. Des., 34, pp. 782–787. [CrossRef]
Kimura, Y. , Wakabayashi, T. , Okada, K. , Wada, T. , and Nishikawa, H. , 1999, “ Boron Nitride as a Lubricant Additive,” Wear, 232(2), pp. 199–206. [CrossRef]
Wang, S. B. , Li, Q. , Zhang, S. , and Pan, L. , 2013, “ Tribological Behavior of Poly (Phenyl Phydroxybenzoate)/Polytetrafluoroethylene Composites Filled With Hexagonal Boron Nitride Under Dry Sliding Condition,” Mater. Des., 43, pp. 507–512. [CrossRef]
Kadiyala, A. K. , and Bijwe, J. , 2013, “ Surface Lubrication of Graphite Fabric Reinforced Epoxy Composites With Nano- and Micro-Sized Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Wear, 301(1–2), pp. 802–809. [CrossRef]
Yi, G. W. , and Yan, F. Y. , 2006, “ Effect of Hexagonal Boron Nitride and Calcined Petroleum Coke on Friction and Wear Behavior of Phenolic Resin-Based Friction Composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 425(1–2), pp. 330–338. [CrossRef]
Myshkin, N. K. , Petrokovets, M. I. , and Kovalev, A. V. , 2005, “ Tribology of Polymers: Adhesion, Friction, Wear, and Masstransfer,” Tribol. Int., 38(11–12), pp. 910–921. [CrossRef]
Zhang, G. , Yu, H. , Zhang, C. , Liao, H. , and Coddet, C. , 2008, “ Temperature Dependence of the Tribological Mechanisms of Amorphous PEEK (Polyetheretherketone) Under Dry Sliding Conditions,” Acta Mater., 56(10), pp. 2182–2190. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the contact configuration of the reciprocating friction

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

COFs and wear rates of PI composites under different temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Transfer film of PI composites under 60 °C: (a) PI, (b) PIB-1G, (c) PIB-4G, and (d) PIB-10G

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Worn surface of PI composites under room temperature: (a) PI-10G, (b) PIB, (c) PIB-1G, (d) PIB-4G, and (e) PIB-10G

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Transfer films of PI composites under room temperature: (a) PIB-10G and (b) PIB-1G

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Worn surface of PI composites under 300 °C: (a) PI-10G and (b) PIB-10G

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Transfer film on steel balls under 300 °C: (a) PI, (b) PI-10G, (c) PIB, (d) PIB-1G, (e) PIB-4G, and (f) PIB-10G

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Worn surface of PI composites under 300 °C: (a) PIB-10G, (b) PIB-4G, (c) PIB-1G, and (d) PIB

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

COF variation of PIB-4G as a function of sliding distance under different temperatures



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In