Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Effect of Solid Carburization on the Tribological Behaviors of Ti13Nb13Zr Alloy

[+] Author and Article Information
Yong Luo

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology,
Xuzhou 221116, China
e-mail: sulyflying@cumt.edu.cn

Xu Rao, Ting Yang, Junhao Zhu

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology,
Xuzhou 221116, China

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received February 22, 2017; final manuscript received September 29, 2017; published online November 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Zhong Min Jin.

J. Tribol 140(3), 031604 (Nov 10, 2017) (6 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1059; doi: 10.1115/1.4038269 History: Received February 22, 2017; Revised September 29, 2017

Due to its high mechanical strength, exceptional biocompatibility, low elastic modulus, and superior corrosion resistance, Ti13Nb13Zr alloy is one of the potential candidates for implanted joints. However, the poor tribological property of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy has greatly limited its wide usage in artificial joints. The elevated temperature solid carburizing technology was used to improve tribological property of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy. It was found that the surface hardness of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy was increased to 812 HV after the carburization at 1523 K due to the formation of titanium carbide on the surface. With the increase in experimental temperature, the thickness of the carburized layer increased to 120 μm. In addition, the wear rate of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy decreased by 63.9% under serum lubrication condition after the carburization at 1473 K due to the formation of hard TiC on the surface of Ti13Nb13Zr.

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Fig. 1

Diagram of solid vacuum carburization process

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Fig. 2

The XRD spectra of solid carburizer

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Fig. 3

The temperature control for the solid carburization of Ti13Nb13Zr specimens

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Fig. 4

The XRD spectra of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy and modified specimens

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Fig. 5

The elements linear distribution of titanium and carbon on the surface of carburized titanium alloys

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Fig. 6

Surface hardness of carburized Ti13Nb13Zr alloy at different temperatures

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Fig. 7

The Ti–Zr binary phase diagram

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Fig. 8

Structure and topography of the carburized Ti13Nb13Zr alloy

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Fig. 9

Cross section morphology of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy at different temperature (a) at 1473 K, (b) at 1523 K, (c) at 1573 K, and (d) cross section energy spectrum

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Fig. 10

The coefficient of friction under different lubrication conditions (a) dry friction and (b) calf serum solution lubrication

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Fig. 11

The wear rate of the carburized Ti13Nb13Zr alloys under different lubrication

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Fig. 12

Friction morphology of Ti13Nb13Zr alloy at different temperatures with calf serum solution lubrication (a) untreated, (b) at 1373 K, (c) at 1423 K, (d) at 1473 K, (e) at 1523 K, and (f) at 1573 K



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