Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Effect of Molybdenum on the Wear Properties of (Ti,Mo)C-TiB2-Mo2B Particles Reinforced Fe-Based Laser Cladding Composite Coatings

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Zhang

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Shandong University,
Jinan 250061, China

S. X. Luo, S. S. Liu

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Shandong University,
Jinan 250061, China

X. H. Wang

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Shandong University,
Jinan 250061, China
e-mail: xhw1970@163.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received November 30, 2017; final manuscript received February 6, 2018; published online April 3, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Sinan Muftu.

J. Tribol 140(5), 051603 (Apr 03, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1463; doi: 10.1115/1.4039411 History: Received November 30, 2017; Revised February 06, 2018

(Ti,Mo)C, TiB2, and Mo2B particles reinforced Fe-based composite coatings were fabricated by laser cladding process. The effects of Molybdenum (Mo) on the microstructure and wear properties of the coatings were investigated. The results show that block-like or cuboidal TiB2, Mo2B and flower-like (Ti, Mo)C ceramics reinforcements were formed in the coatings. The size of reinforcements reduced with the increasing of FeMo70. However, cracks were found in the coating, while the addition of FeMo70 exceeded 9 wt %. The laser cladding coating presented a good wear resistance with a 9 wt % addition of FeMo70. With the increasing of FeMo70, the coatings enhanced the capability of resisting microcutting, microplowing, and surface plastic deformation.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Li, Y. B. , Deng, J. Z. , Yang, Y. , and He, J. , 2013, “ Hot Forging Die Composite Manufacturing Technology,” Adv. Mater. Res., 712–715, pp. 615–618.
Pan, C. , Wang, H. , and Zhou, J. , 2010, “ Plasma Cladding of Ni60-SiC Cermet Coating on Hot Forging Die,” International Conference on Computing, Control and Industrial Engineering (CCIE), Wuhan, China, June 5–6, pp. 12–15.
Kashani, H. , Amadeh, A. , and Vatanara, M. R. , 2008, “ Improvement of Wear Resistance of Hot Working Tool Steel by Hardfacing Part 2—Case Study,” Mater. Sci. Technol., 24(3), pp. 356–360. [CrossRef]
Yang, Q. , Ren, X. , Liu, L. , Li, D. , Dong, H. , and Liao, B. , 2006, “ Mechanism of Cracking Resistance of Hardfacing Specimens of Steel 5CrNiMo Improved by Rare Earth Oxide,” J. Rare Earth., 24(4), pp. 471–478. [CrossRef]
Chen, P. , Xian, X. , Shao, T. , La, Y. , and Li, J. , 2016, “ Effect of Triangular Texture on the Tribological Performance of Die Steel With TiN Coatings Under Lubricated Sliding Condition,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 389, pp. 361–368. [CrossRef]
Zhang, M. , Qu, K. L. , Luo, S. X. , and Liu, S. S. , 2017, “ Effect of Cr on the Microstructure and Properties of TiC–TiB2 Particles Reinforced Fe-Based Composite Coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 316, pp. 131–137. [CrossRef]
Wan, R. , Sun, F. , Zhang, L. , and Shan, A. , 2012, “ Effects of Mo on High-Temperature Strength of Fire-Resistant Steel,” Mater. Des., 35, pp. 335–341. [CrossRef]
Srisattayakul, P. , Saikaew, C. , Wisitsoraat, A. , and Phokharatkul, D. , 2017, “ Reciprocating Two-Body Abrasive Wear Behavior of DC Magnetron Sputtered Mo-Based Coatings on Hard-Chrome Plated AISI 316 Stainless Steel,” Wear, 378–379, pp. 96–105. [CrossRef]
Warcholinski, B. , Gilewicz, A. , Kuznetsova, T. A. , Zubar, T. I. , Chizhik, S. A. , Abetkovskaia, S. O. , and Lapitskaya, V. A. , 2017, “ Mechanical Properties of Mo(C)N Coatings Deposited Using Cathodic Arc Evaporation,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 319, pp. 117–128. [CrossRef]
Hou, T. P. , and Wu, K. M. , 2013, “ Alloy Carbide Precipitation in Tempered 2.25 Cr-Mo Steel Under High Magnetic Field,” Acta Mater., 61(6), pp. 2016–2024. [CrossRef]
Yang, Y. , Li, C. , and Song, K. , 2012, “ Effect of Strain Rate on the Microstructures and Properties of Hot-Rolled TWIP Steel in the Solution Condition,” Adv. Mater. Res., 430–432, pp. 256–259. [CrossRef]
Carreri, F. C. , Oliveira, R. M. , Oliveira, A. C. , Silva, M. M. N. F. , Ueda, M. , Silva, M. M. , and Pichon, L. , 2014, “ Phase Formation and Mechanical/Tribological Modification Induced by Nitrogen High Temperature Plasma Based Ion Implantation Into Molybdenum,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 310, pp. 305–310. [CrossRef]
Zhang, X. , Liu, N. , and Rong, C. , 2008, “ Effect of Molybdenum Content on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ultra-Fine Ti(C,N) Based Cermet,” Mater. Charact., 59(12), pp. 1690–1696. [CrossRef]
Wang, Z. , Zhang, H. , Guo, C. , Liu, W. , Yang, Z. , Sun, X. , Zhang, Z. , and Jiang, F. , 2016, “ Effect of Molybdenum Addition on the Precipitation of Carbides in the Austenite Matrix of Titanium Micro-Alloyed Steels,” J. Mater. Sci., 51(10), pp. 4996–5007. [CrossRef]
Han, Q. H. , Kang, Y. L. , Zhao, X. M. , Gao, L. F. , and Qiu, X. S. , 2011, “ High-Temperature Properties and Microstructure of Mo Microalloyed Ultra-High-Strength Steel,” Inter. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 18(4), pp. 407–413. [CrossRef]
Qu, K. L. , Wang, X. H. , Wang, Z. K. , and Niu, W. Y. , 2017, “ Effect of Mo on the VC–VB Particles Reinforced Fe-Based Composite Coatings,” Mater. Sci. Technol., 33(3), pp. 333–339. [CrossRef]
Chew, Y. X. , Pang, J. H. L. , Bi, G. J. , and Song, B. , 2015, “ Thermo-Mechanical Model for Simulating Laser Cladding Induced Residual Stresses With Single and Multiple Clad Beads,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 224, pp. 89–101. [CrossRef]
Lu, L. , Fuh, J. Y. H. , Chen, Z. D. , Leong, C. C. , and Wong, Y. S. , 2000, “ In Situ Formation of TiC Composite Using Selective Laser Melting,” Mater. Res. Bull., 35(9), pp. 1555–1561. [CrossRef]
Liang, Y. J. , and Chen, Y. C. , 1993, Thermodynamic Data Notebook of Inorganics, Northeast University Press, Shenyang, China.
Kong, J. H. , and Xie, C. , 2006, “ Effect of Molybdenum on Continuous Cooling Bainite Transformation of Low-Carbon Micro-Alloyed Steel,” Mater. Des., 27(10), pp. 1169–1173. [CrossRef]
Hu, H. , and Guang, X. , 2015, “ The Effects of Nb and Mo Addition on Transformation and Properties in Low Carbon Bainitic Steels,” Mater. Des., 84, pp. 95–99. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Typical morphology of the laser cladding coating of sample S3 and interface: (a) cross-sectional view; (b) microstructure of bonding region between coating and the substrate; and (c) enlargement of interfacial transition zone A in Fig. 1(b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

XRD results of laser cladding coatings

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Typical morphology of the cladding coating of sample S3: (a) morphology of the coating and (b) enlarged area A in Fig. 3(a)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

EDS of analysis of sample S3: (a) EDS of P1 in Fig. 3(a); (b) EDS of P2 in Fig. 3(a); (c) EDS of P3 in Fig. 3(b); and (d) EDS of P4 in Fig. 3(b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

TEM morphologies of ceramics phase in the coating of sample S3: (a) flower-like particles; (b) block-like particles; (c) selected area diffraction pattern of particle A; (d) selected area diffraction pattern of particle B; (e) interface morphology of (Ti,Mo)C/matrix; and (f) interface morphology of TiB2/matrix

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The secondary electrons' morphologies of the coatings: (a) sample S0; (b) sample S1; (c) sample S2; (d) sample S3; and (e) sample S4

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Microhardness of the cladding coatings: (a) microhardness distribution along cross section for the sample S3 and (b) the averaged microhardness of the coatings

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Wear mass loss of the substrate and cladding coatings at room temperature

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Wear scar of the substrate and cladding coatings: (a) substrate; (b) sample S0; (c) sample S1; (d) sample S2; (e) sample S3; and (f) sample S4



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In