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Research Papers: Coatings and Solid Lubricants

Characterization and Tribological Behavior of TiAlN/TiAlCN Multilayer Coatings

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhefeng Lei

Xi’an Aviation Brake Technology Co., Ltd.,
Xi’an 710075, Shaanxi, China;
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical
Behavior of Materials,
School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Xi’an Jiaotong University,
Xi’an 710049, Shaanxi, China

Xiaodong Zhu, Yanhuai Li

State Key Laboratory for Mechanical
Behavior of Materials,
School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Xi’an Jiaotong University,
Xi’an 710049, Shaanxi, China

Zhongxiao Song

State Key Laboratory for Mechanical
Behavior of Materials,
School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Xi’an Jiaotong University,
Xi’an 710049, Shaanxi, China
e-mail: ZhongxiaoSong@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

Haiping Liu

Xi’an Aviation Brake Technology Co., Ltd.,
Xi’an 710075, Shaanxi, China
e-mail: llhhpp198123@126.com

Yong Qing Fu

Faculty of Engineering and Environment,
Northumbria University,
Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received October 19, 2017; final manuscript received February 21, 2018; published online April 30, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Dae-Eun Kim.

J. Tribol 140(5), 051301 (Apr 30, 2018) (5 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1394; doi: 10.1115/1.4039723 History: Received October 19, 2017; Revised February 21, 2018

Effects of partial pressure of methane on deposition rate, hardness, bonding strength and friction coefficient of TiAlN/TiAlC0.37N0.63 multilayer coating were investigated. The TiAlN coating was deposited at a N2 flow rate of 70 sccm, and TiAlC0.37N0.63 coating were deposited at a N2 flow rate of 35 sccm and a CH4 flow rate of 35 sccm. TiAlN/TiAlC0.37N0.63 multilayer coatings with different modulation periods but the same total thickness of 3.56 μm were deposited on high speed steel (HSS) substrates using multi-arc ion plating technology. Microhardness and tribological measurement show that the multilayer coating with a modulating ratio of 1:1 and a modulation period of 68 nm had a hardness of 2793.9 HV0.10, an excellent bonding strength of 52 N, and the minimum friction coefficient of 0.46 and a relatively low wear rate.

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Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Coatings , Tribology
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Figures

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Fig. 1

SEM images of surface morphology of TiAl(C)N coatings: (a) TiAlN, (b) TiAlC0.22N0.78, (c) TiAlC0.31N0.69, (d) TiAlC0.37N0.63, and (e) TiAlC0.76N0.24

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Fig. 2

XPS spectra of C-1 s in TiAlC0.37N0.63 coating, C–C will have both SP2 and SP3, C–O is surface adsorption

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Fig. 3

Binding status of C in TiAlCxN1-x coatings obtained by XPS

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Fig. 4

XRD patterns of TiAlCxN1-x coatings

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Fig. 5

Acoustic emission spectra and scratch morphology of TiAlCxN1-x coatings

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Fig. 6

Friction coefficient versus loading time of TiAlCxN1-x coatings tested by the pin-on-disk method with the load of 3 N

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Fig. 7

Cross-sectional SEM images of TiAlN/TiAlC0.37N0.63 multilayer coatings

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Fig. 8

XRD patterns of TiAlN/TiAlC0.37N0.63 multilayer coatings

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Fig. 9

Acoustic emission spectra and scratch morphology of multilayer coatings

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Fig. 10

Friction coefficient versus loading time of multilayer coatings

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