Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Quantification of Wear in Cylinder Bores Based on Wear Volume Profile Assessment

[+] Author and Article Information
R. B. Obara

Research, Development and Innovation,
R. Albano Schmidt,
3400 - Boa Vista,
Joinville 89205-100, SC, Brazil;
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Sao Paulo,
Av. Prof. Mello Moraes,
2231 - Butanta,
Sao Paulo 05508-030, SP, Brazil
e-mail: rafael.obara@tupy.com.br

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received November 21, 2017; final manuscript received April 13, 2018; published online May 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Stephen Boedo.

J. Tribol 140(5), 051608 (May 14, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1447; doi: 10.1115/1.4039997 History: Received November 21, 2017; Revised April 13, 2018

Despite the importance of precise evaluation of wear volume losses from cylinders, several factors make the investigation of large surface areas from cylinder bores a hard issue. Topography analysis has been widely used to quantify wear in cylinders but no method was found in the literature for the quantification of wear volume losses considering the whole stroke length of cylinder bores. In this work, three-dimensional (3D) measurements were taken from a gasoline engine tested in dynamometer for 625 h and wear volume profiles were obtained for all cylinders. The results from the proposed method showed good agreement with both the variation of the core height and the visual analysis from stereo images.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Wear , Cylinders
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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Flowchart of the methodology for quantification of wear in cylinder bores

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Steps for obtaining the height of the SMPHD from the worn region of the cylinder: (top left) worn topography; (middle) ith 2D profile from the worn region of the cylinder transverse to the sliding direction; (top right) histogram and the Abbott–Firestone curve from ith 2D profile and the volume of material above the height of the SMPHD; (bottom) Abbott–Firestone curve from the unworn region of the cylinder and Vmuw(Smruw(cwi))

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Comparison between 2D (bottom) and 3D (top) analyses of the cylinder

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Comparison between stitched topography of the cylinder (top), visual analysis (middle), and wear mapping along the stroke of the cylinder (bottom)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Quantification of wear for cylinders #1 to #4

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Quantification of wear for cylinders #5 to #8



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