Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Central Composite Experimental Design Applied to the Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Mg/Mica Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
M. John Iruthaya Raj

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Mar Ephraem College of Engineering
and Technology,
Malankara Hills,
Elavuvilai 629 171, Tamil Nadu, India
e-mail: mjohnir@gmail.com

K. Manisekar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Engineering College,
K.R. Nagar,
Kovilpatti 628 503, Tamil Nadu, India
e-mail: kmsekar1@rediffmail.com

Manoj Gupta

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National University of Singapore (NUS),
Singapore 117576
e-mail: mpegm@nus.edu.sg

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received February 17, 2018; final manuscript received July 28, 2018; published online August 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Nuria Espallargas.

J. Tribol 141(1), 011603 (Aug 24, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1072; doi: 10.1115/1.4041073 History: Received February 17, 2018; Revised July 28, 2018

A five-level four-factor central composite design multivariable model was constructed for the evaluation of the combined effect of operating parameters such as percentage reinforcement (0–10%), load (5–25 N), sliding speed (1–5 m/s), sliding distance (500–2500 m) on the wear rate of mica reinforced metal matrix composites. The microwave-assisted powder metallurgy technique was used to fabricate the composites. The wear tests were performed according to statistical designs to develop an empirical predictive regression model. The interaction of percentage reinforcement and sliding distance indicated the significant impact on wear rate. The statistical analysis confirms the optimum composition of mica blends leading to the best possible wear rate. No rapid wear region was identifiable in the morphology of worn composite surfaces.

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Fig. 1

SEM/EDS images of the mica powder

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Fig. 2

Main effects plot for wear of Mg–mica composites

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Fig. 3

Correlation graph between the predicted and experimental wear rate

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Fig. 4

Pareto chart of the standardized effects

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Fig. 5

Residual plots for wear rate of Mg–mica composites

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Fig. 6

Response surface plots showing the effect of any two variables on wear rate

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Fig. 7

SEM images of the worn surfaces from a test performed at 2500 m sliding distance (a), (b), (c), and (d). SEM/EDS images of wear debris (e) and (f).



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