Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Volume Fraction Dependent Wear Behavior of Titanium-Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composites Manufactured by Melt Infiltration Casting

[+] Author and Article Information
Ridvan Gecu

Department of Metallurgical and
Materials Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: ridvangecu@gmail.com

Ahmet Karaaslan

Department of Metallurgical and
Materials Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received May 1, 2018; final manuscript received August 2, 2018; published online October 11, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Xiaolei Wang.

J. Tribol 141(2), 021603 (Oct 11, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1174; doi: 10.1115/1.4041126 History: Received May 01, 2018; Revised August 02, 2018

This study aims to investigate the effect of volume fraction of commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) on microstructural, mechanical, and tribological features of A356 aluminum matrix composites. Vacuum-assisted melt infiltration casting was performed to produce composites with 50%, 65%, 75%, and 80% CP-Ti contents. CP-Ti sawdusts were assembled under mechanical pressure in order to attain porous one-piece CP-Ti preforms which were infiltrated by A356 melt at 730 °C under 10−5 Pa vacuum atmosphere. TiAl3 layer was formed at the interface between A356 and CP-Ti phases. Owing to increased diffusion time through decreased diffusion path length, both thickness and hardness of TiAl3 phase were increased with increasing CP-Ti ratio, whereas the best wear resistance was obtained at 65% CP-Ti ratio. The main reason for decrease in wear resistance of 75% and 80% CP-Ti reinforced composites was fragmentation of TiAl3 layer during wear process due to its excessively increased brittleness. Strongly bonded TiAl3 phase at the interface provided better wear resistance, while weakly bonded ones caused to multiply wear rate.

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Fig. 1

Complete setup for bimetal composite production: (a) preform preparing, (b) mold making, and (c) melt infiltration casting

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Fig. 2

Illustration of ball-on-disk test apparatus

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Fig. 3

XRD results of 65% CP-Ti reinforced A356 matrix bimetal composite

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Fig. 4

Modified Ti–Al phase diagram according to current state of knowledge [23]

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Fig. 5

Light optical microscope images of A356 matrix bimetal composites reinforced with ((a)–(b)) 50%, ((c)–(d)) 65%, ((e)–(f)) 75%, and ((g)–(h)) 80% CP-Ti

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Fig. 6

SEM images of A356 matrix bimetal composites reinforced with ((a)–(b)) 50%, ((c)–(d)) 65%, ((e)–(f)) 75%, and ((g)–(h)) 80% CP-Ti

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Fig. 7

Layer thickness of TiAl3 phase as a function of volume fraction of CP-Ti

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Fig. 8

Hardness of TiAl3 phase as a function of volume fraction of CP-Ti

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Fig. 9

Sliding distance dependent friction coefficient values under 10 N load as a function of volume fraction of CP-Ti

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Fig. 10

Volume losses and wear rates of bimetal composites as a function of volume fraction of CP-Ti

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Fig. 11

Worn surface SEM images of A356 matrix bimetal composites reinforced with ((a)–(b)) 50%, ((c)–(d)) 65%, ((e)–(f)) 75%, and ((g)–(h)) 80% CP-Ti



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