Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Fretting Wear Behavior and Damage Mechanisms of Inconel X-750 Alloy in Dry Contact Condition

[+] Author and Article Information
Ibrohim Rustamov

State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: ibrohimru@yahoo.com

Gaolong Zhang

State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: sspanda16@163.com

Margarita Skotnikova

Institute of Metallurgy, Mechanical Engineering
and Transport,
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic
St. Petersburg 195251, Russia
e-mail: skotnikova@mail.ru

Yuming Wang

State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: yumingwang@tsinghua.edu.cn

Zixi Wang

State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: zxwang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received August 22, 2018; final manuscript received November 13, 2018; published online January 16, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Sinan Muftu.

J. Tribol 141(4), 041603 (Jan 16, 2019) (8 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1343; doi: 10.1115/1.4042038 History: Received August 22, 2018; Revised November 13, 2018

Frictional and fretting wear behaviors of Inconel X-750 alloy against GCr15 steel ball were investigated in dry contact condition with ∼60% air humidity. Fretting tests were run at the high frequency tribosystem SRV 4 in room temperature and ball-on-flat contact configuration were adopted with the relative oscillatory motion of small displacement amplitude (40 μm). Sliding regimes, wear volumes, frictional properties, and material damage mechanisms were studied with regard to different normal loading and test durations. After the tests, the worn surface morphologies were analyzed by three-dimensional (3D) optical surface profiler, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) to distinguish fretting running conditions and material responses for different test cases. It was found that the material removals by abrasive and adhesive wear, debris formation and oxidization, and wear delamination were the main damage mechanisms under the lower normal load where the full slide or gross slip regime (GSR) was dominant between the contact surfaces. On the other hand, fretting regime was found to be a stick-slip or a partial slip at greater loads where damage mechanisms were correlated with deformed asperities, fatigue cracks, and thick layer removal due to highly concentrated cyclic stresses. Time dependence was crucial during GSR where the wear volume increased substantially; however, the wear volumes and scars sizes were consistent over time because of stick-slip effects under the higher normal load.

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Fig. 1

SRV 4 fretting wear test device

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Fig. 2

Flowchart of fretting test

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Fig. 3

SEM micrographs of worn scars on the plate specimens at 50 N and 100 N after 10, 30, and 90 min of fretting. Displacement amplitude is 40 μm. Double arrows represent fretting direction.

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Fig. 4

Wear volume (a) and wear rate (b) of lower plates as a function of time for two normal loads

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Fig. 5

Comparative superimposed cross section profiles of wear scars perpendicular to the fretting direction

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Fig. 6

Friction coefficient of ball and plate pairs as a function of time

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Fig. 7

Frictional force versus time at two normal contact loads during fretting duration

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Fig. 8

Fretting loops of the contacting bodies under different normal loads in respect of fretting cycles

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Fig. 9

SEM micrographs of wear scars and material responses under PSR: (a) after 10 min, (b) after 30 min, (c) and (d) after 90 min of fretting. Normal load is 100 N. Double arrows represent fretting direction.

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Fig. 10

SEM micrographs of wear scars and material responces under GSR: (a) onset of GSR regime after 10 min, (b) after 30 min, (c) and (d) after 90 min. Normal load is 50 N. Double arrows represent fretting direction.

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Fig. 11

EDS results of oxygen contents on the marked areas in Fig. 2; (a) unworn surface at “A”, (b) worn surfaces at “B” and (c) worn surface at “C” after 90 min of fretting



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