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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Influence of Heat Treatment on the Wear Behavior of a Haynes 282® Nickel-Based Superalloy

[+] Author and Article Information
Javier H. Ramírez-Ramírez

Facultad de Ingeniería
Mecánica y Eléctrica,
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León,
Av. Universidad s/n,
Ciudad Universitaria,
San Nicolás de los Garza 66455,
Nuevo León, Mexico
e-mail: Javier.rmz02@gmail.com

Juan Manuel Alvarado-Orozco

Centro de Ingeniería y Desarrollo Industrial,
Av. Playa Pie de la
Cuesta No. 702. Desarrollo San Pablo,
Querétaro 66455, México
e-mail: juan.alvarado@cidesi.edu.mx

Francisco A. Pérez-González

Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica,
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León,
Av. Universidad s/n, Ciudad Universitaria,
San Nicolás de los Garza 66455,
Nuevo León, Mexico
e-mail: fco.aurelio.gzz@gmail.com

Rafael Colás

Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica,
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León,
Av. Universidad s/n, Ciudad Universitaria,
San Nicolás de los Garza,
Nuevo León 66455, Mexico
e-mail: colas.rafael@gmail.com

Nelson F. Garza-Montes-de-Oca

Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica,
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León,
Av. Universidad s/n, Ciudad Universitaria,
San Nicolás de los Garza 66455,
Nuevo León, Mexico
e-mails: nelson.garza@gmail.com;
nelson.garzamn@uanl.edu.mx

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received August 14, 2018; final manuscript received December 7, 2018; published online January 25, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Xiaolei Wang.

J. Tribol 141(4), 041606 (Jan 25, 2019) (12 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1330; doi: 10.1115/1.4042274 History: Received August 14, 2018; Revised December 07, 2018

Superalloys are metallic systems commonly used in components for aerospace and energy generation applications. In this paper, results of an investigation developed to analyze the effect of heat treatment on the wear behavior of a Haynes 282® superalloy under sliding, nonlubricated conditions are presented. Room temperature pin-on-roll wear tests were undertaken at a constant load and for a fixed sliding distance of 7.5 km. It was found that the wear rate of the alloys was greater for the heat treated specimens compared to the specimens that were tested in a cast and forged condition. Inspection of the alloys in both metallurgical conditions suggests that the wear phenomenon was characterized mostly by severe plastic deformation of the alloy matrix at both surface and subsurface regions by the well-known mechanism of plowing. The test specimens also experienced the formation of a tribofilm whose characteristics were different for each test condition. The formation of tribofilms also had a considerable influence on the wear behavior of the systems studied because they were also present on the surface of the counter rolls with this phenomenon being an additional wear mechanism experienced by the tribosystems studied.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the wear rig designed, constructed, and used for the tests

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Fig. 2

Optical microscopy images of the microstructure of the materials in (a) cast and forged condition and (b) heat treated condition

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Fig. 3

X-ray diffraction spectra of the alloys in each condition

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Fig. 4

Wear rate of the samples as a function of the sliding distance

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Fig. 5

Secondary electron micrographs and EDX analysis of the wear features of the heat treated alloy: (a) surface plowing and film formation, (b) greater detail image of the film formed, (c) fracture of the film, and (d) and (e) EDX spectra of the points shown in (b)

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Fig. 6

Secondary electron micrographs and EDX analysis if wear features of the cast and forged alloy: (a) surface plowing and film formation, (b) greater detail image of the film formed, (c) fracture of the film, and (d) and (e) EDX spectra of the points shown in (b)

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Fig. 7

Secondary and backscattered electron images together with the EDX analysis of the cross sections experienced by the heat treated alloy: (a) wear features, (b) carbide fracture and detachment from the matrix, (c) film fracture and plastic deformation, and (d) EDX spectrum of the carbides

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Fig. 8

Secondary and backscattered electron images together with the EDX analysis of the cross sections experienced by cast and forged alloy (a) wear features. (b) High magnification image showing intergranular fracture. (c) Low magnification image showing intergranular fracture and plastic deformation of the matrix. (d) EDX spectrum of the carbides.

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Fig. 9

Inverse pole figure EBSD images of the cross sections of the alloys: (a) heat treated condition and (b) cast and forged condition

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Fig. 10

Backscattered electron micrographs of the surface state of the rolls after the tests of the (a) cast and forged pin and (b) heat treated pin. (c) EDX spectrum of the films formed on the surfaces.

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Fig. 11

Greater detail backscattered electron micrographs of the wear track of the rolls after the tests of the (a) cast and forged pin and (b) heat treated pin

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Fig. 12

Backscattered electron micrographs of the cross section of the rolls after the tests of the (a) cast and forged pin and (b) heat treated pin. (c) EDX spectrum taken from the region formed under the film.

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Fig. 13

Subsurface strain (ε) measured for both alloys

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Fig. 14

Evolution of the subsurface Vickers hardness number for both alloys

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Fig. 15

Backscattered electron micrograph of the morphology and EDX spectra of the wear debris generated during the tests of the heat treated alloy

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Fig. 16

Backscattered electron micrograph of the morphology and EDX spectra of the wear debris generated during the tests of cast and forged condition

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Fig. 17

Temperature evolution during the tests

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Fig. 18

Evolution of the friction coefficient for both alloys

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