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Research Papers: Micro-Nano Tribology

Tribological Properties of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Cr and Graphene Oxide-Cr Composite Coating

[+] Author and Article Information
Bo Chen

College of Mechanical Engineering,
Donghua University,
Shanghai 201620, China
e-mail: 1967303631@qq.com

Shenghu Liang

Apex (Guangzhou) Tools & Orthopedics Co.,
Guangzhou 511356, China
e-mail: 973059260@qq.com

Song Lu

Apex (Guangzhou) Tools & Orthopedics Co.,
Guangzhou 511356, China
e-mail: loren@apexitool.net

Kun Zou

College of Mechanical Engineering;Engineering Research Center of Advanced Textile Machinery,
Ministry of Education,
Donghua University,
Shanghai 201620, China
e-mail: kouz@dhu.edu.cn

Yitian Peng

College of Mechanical Engineering;Engineering Research Center of Advanced Textile Machinery, Ministry of Education,
Donghua University,
Shanghai 201620, China
e-mail: yitianpeng@dhu.edu.cn

Haojie Lang

College of Mechanical Engineering,
Donghua University,
Shanghai 201620, China
e-mail: 770456979@qq.com

Wangmin Yi

Beijing Institute of Spacecraft Environment Engineering,
Beijing 100094, China
e-mail: 37306301@qq.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received September 12, 2018; final manuscript received March 2, 2019; published online March 25, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Min Zou.

J. Tribol 141(5), 052004 (Mar 25, 2019) (6 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1382; doi: 10.1115/1.4043066 History: Received September 12, 2018; Accepted March 02, 2019

Chromium (Cr)-based coatings have been widely used to strengthen the friction reduction and wear resistance on various kinds of surface. Here, the stable aqueous dispersion of oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and graphene oxide nanosheets (GOS) was obtained by ultrasonic oxidation treatment. Then, MWCNT-Cr and GOS-Cr composite coatings were prepared using the direct current electrochemical co-deposition process on 420 stainless steel in the electrolyte with the addition of MWCNT and GOS under different current density and temperature. The morphology, structure, hardness and tribological properties of MWCNT-Cr and GOS-Cr composite coating are comparatively studied using pure Cr coating as a baseline. The friction reduction performance of MWCNT-Cr and GOS-Cr composite coatings was improved at optimum current density and temperature. The anti-wear properties of MWCNT-Cr and GOS-Cr composite coatings were enhanced by uniform embedment of MWCNT and GOS in coatings increasing the hardness and lubricity. This study suggests that the introduction of oxidized MWCNT and GOS with good dispersion could enhance the wear resistance and friction reduction of pure Cr coating due to their excellent dispersion, mechanical, and lubricant properties.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Raman spectrum of (a) MWCNT, (b) GOS, and (c) RGOS

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Fig. 2

FTIR spectrum of (a) oxide MWCNT and (b) GOS

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Fig. 3

SEM images of (a) oxide MWCNT and (b) GOS

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Fig. 4

SEM image of (a) MWCNT-Cr, (b) GOS-Cr composite coatings, and (c) cross-sectional

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Fig. 5

XRD of pure Cr, MWCNT-Cr, and GOS-Cr composite coating

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Fig. 6

(a) Friction coefficient, (b) hardness, and (c) wear loss of pure Cr, MWCNT-Cr, and GOS-Cr composite coatings prepared by the current density ranging from 20 to 60 A/dm2

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Fig. 7

(a) The friction coefficient, (b) hardness, and (c) wear loss of pure Cr, MWCNT-Cr, and GOS-Cr composite coatings as a function

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Fig. 8

Friction coefficient as a function of sliding time measured from MWCNT-Cr and GOS-Cr composite coatings prepared at optimum condition

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Fig. 9

SEM image of wear scar of (a) pure Cr, (b) MWCNT-Cr, and (c) GOS-Cr composite coatings after friction tests

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