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Research Papers: Coatings and Solid Lubricants

J. Tribol. 2019;141(10):101301-101301-8. doi:10.1115/1.4044178.

Hydrophobic and self-cleaning photocatalytic ceramics and concrete with potential for the superhydrophobicity are promising novel materials for civil engineering applications including buildings, bridges, road pavements, and airport runways. Due to embedded liquid-repellent properties, such materials have low water and salt absorption and, therefore, enhanced durability. However, in applications requiring high traction (e.g., tire and pavement), there is a concern that reduced adhesion may compromise the friction. This paper reports on wetting, dry friction, and roughness properties of TiO2 coated (hydrophilic) and polymethyl hydrogen siloxane (PMHS) coated (hydrophobic) self-cleaning ceramic tiles. The coefficient of friction values of the tile–rubber interface do not change significantly with the applications of the coatings up to 0.67 for hydrophilic TiO2 based and up to 0.46 for hydrophobic TiO2 + PMHS coatings versus 0.45 for uncoated reference. Friction has adhesion and roughness-related components and this response can be attributed to the roughness component of friction due to TiO2 coating. The challenges related to hydrophobic coatings, including the durability and future research, are also discussed.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

Research Papers: Contact Mechanics

J. Tribol. 2019;141(10):101401-101401-12. doi:10.1115/1.4044131.

Three types of surfaces in the Schroeder–Webster (SW) theory, i.e., sliding, mixed, and sticking surfaces, have been verified via finite element analysis of an axisymmetric compression test for a metallic specimen. Judging from (i) the radial profile of the pressure at the top elements and (ii) the radial displacement at the top nodes, the three types of SW surfaces are not manifested in the numerical simulation. However, the SW friction compensation model developed for the SW-sliding surface is remarkably reliable in predicting the measured stress–strain curve of the barreled specimen down to the height-to-diameter ratio of 0.1. The origin of this reliability is discussed along with recommendations for using the SW friction compensation model for the SW-sliding surface.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

Research Papers: Friction and Wear

J. Tribol. 2019;141(10):101601-101601-8. doi:10.1115/1.4044081.

Super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) has excellent mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. However, currently, there are few researches conducted on its fretting wear performance. This paper studies the influence of different heat treatment temperatures and medium environment on the fretting wear performance of SAF 2507 SDSS. Results show that the combined effect of the sigma phase and seawater lubrication can significantly improve the wear resistance of SAF 2507 SDSS. After treated with different heat treatment temperatures, different contents of sigma phases are precipitated out of SAF 2507 SDSS, which improves the wear resistance of the material to different degrees. In addition, the fretting wear performance of SAF 2507 SDSS also relates to the lubrication medium. In air, the friction and wear performance of SAF 2507 SDSS is poor, while in seawater, solution and corrosion products that acted as a lubricant dramatically improve the wear resistance of the material. Under the combined action of heat treatment and seawater lubrication medium, the friction coefficient and wear reduce by 70% and 91%, respectively.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

Research Papers: Hydrodynamic Lubrication

J. Tribol. 2019;141(10):101701-101701-9. doi:10.1115/1.4044083.

Effects of shaft shape errors are studied on dynamic characteristics of a rotor-bearing system. Stability characteristics of the cylindrical journal bearing are studied. It is shown that the rotating speed at which the oil whip occurs increases when the shape errors exit. And, there is a threshold speed of the bearing with shaft shape errors; before the speed is increased to the threshold, orbits of the center of the journal decrease, and when the speed exceeds the threshold, the orbits increase dramatically and oil whip appears. Furthermore, the quantitative relationship between shaft shape errors and bearing reaction forces of the rotor-bearing system is obtained, which is verified by experiments using rotors with different machining precisions. In order to reduce computing time, variational principle is applied when solving Reynolds’ equation.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

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